Chronic Renal Failure Descriptive Essay by hicaliber

Chronic Renal Failure
This paper discusses chronic renal failure, also called chronic kidney failure, which is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated.
# 94460 | 1,690 words | 3 sources | APA | 2006 | US
Published on Apr 29, 2007 in Medical and Health (Medical Studies) , Medical and Health (General)

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This paper explains that, in the beginning of chronic renal failure, there are virtually no symptoms; however, the progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmia and vascular calcification. The author points out that, at end-stage of renal disease, renal replacement therapy, such as kidney dialysis and even kidney transplant, is required to keep the patient alive. The paper relates that patients with chronic renal failure also have a high incidence of atherosclerosis, which usually accelerates at a faster rate, and of cardiovascular disease, which has a prognosis that is not as good as someone without chronic renal failure.

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ruggenenti, P., Perna, A., Gherardi, G., Gaspari, F., Benini, R., Remuzzi, G. (1998). Renal function and requirement for dialysis in chronic nephropathy patients on long-term ramipril: Rein follow-up trial. Lancet, 352(9136), 1252-1256.
  • Ruggenenti, P., Perna, A., Gherardi, G., Garini, G., Zoccali, C., Salvadori, M., Scolari, F., Schena, F.P., Remuzzi, G. (1999). Renoprotective properties of ACE-inhibition in non-diabetic nephropathies with non-nephrotic proteinuria. Lancet, 354(9176), 359-364.
  • Vernon, S. & Pfeifer, G.M. (2003). Blood management strategies for critical care patients. Critical Care Nurse, 23(6), 34-41.

Cite this Descriptive Essay:

APA Format

Chronic Renal Failure (2007, April 29) Retrieved October 23, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Chronic Renal Failure" 29 April 2007. Web. 23 October. 2020. <>