Biomaterials in Medical Use Descriptive Essay by write123

Biomaterials in Medical Use
An extensive overview of the use of medical biomaterials such as polymers implants.
# 106518 | 7,005 words | 13 sources | MLA | 2008 | US


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Description:

This paper explains that biomaterials are synthetic materials used to replace or restore damaged function. They should be biocompatible, non-toxic and non-carcinogenic. The paper reports that metals, polymers, ceramics and composites are the most commonly used biomaterials. The paper then details their use as synthetic orthopedic, dental and breast implants, in hernia repair, in gene therapy, to replace damaged organs, to enhance bone healing, to store and dispense multiple drug doses and multi-stage vaccines and other uses.

Table of Contents:
Biomaterials in Medical Use
Polymers
Shaped Bodies
The Ideal Materials
ATP Research Fund
PolyHap Implants for Damaged Faces
Polymer Chip
Anti-bacterial Implants
Breast Implants
Polyurethane-covered Implants
Benefits and Contraindications
Benefits
Contraindications
Implants for Malignant Gliomas
BCNU/Gliadel
Polymer Technology
Periodontium Regenerating System
The Invention's Specifics
The Future is Biodegradable
Hernia Device
Summary

From the Paper:

"Periodontal disease affects up to 90% of the population and surgery has been the first choice of therapy. Surgery, however, does not restore lost periodontium. Restoration can happen if periodontal ligament cells can colonize root surfaces over gingival epithelial cells, gingival fibroblasts or osteoblasts. The application of microporous membranes under periodontal flaps during surgery eventually brought this effect about. A biodegradable membrane would make a follow-up surgery unnecessary and benefit both patient and surgeon from further health condition and cost."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Chemical Society. Implants with Antibiotic Coating. Science Daily: Science Daily, Inc., 2007
  • ASM International. Overview of Biomaterials and Their Use in Medical Devices. Chapter 1. Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices. UK: American Technical Publishers, Ltd., 2000
  • Bronde, G. L. A New Bio-absorbable Polymer: an Ideal Material for Medical Implants. Integra Life Sciences: Integra Life Sciences Corporation, 2001.
  • Brody, G. S. Silicone Breast Implants: Safety and Efficacy. Emedicine: WebMD, 2005. Retrieved on February 16, 2008 from http://www.emedicine.com/plastic/topic5000.htm
  • Dunn, R., et al. Biodegradable System for Regenerating the Periodontium. US Patent. Patent Storm, 2008. Retrieved on February 19, 2008 from http://patentstorm.us/patents/5368859-description.html

Cite this Descriptive Essay:

APA Format

Biomaterials in Medical Use (2008, August 07) Retrieved February 16, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/biomaterials-in-medical-use-106518/

MLA Format

"Biomaterials in Medical Use" 07 August 2008. Web. 16 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/biomaterials-in-medical-use-106518/>

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