Village Community in a Segmentary Lineage Society Comparison Essay by JJean

Village Community in a Segmentary Lineage Society
The paper discusses tribal living patterns and social organization in small tribal communities.
# 110366 | 1,250 words | 3 sources | MLA | 2008 | PK
Published on Dec 21, 2008 in Anthropology (African) , Anthropology (South American)

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The author of the paper discusses the tribal living patterns and social organization in small tribal communities based on two geographically separated populations. The writer contends that this behavior of groups at times is similar while others are dissimilar whether they are nearby groups or in faraway lands. With this in mind, the author of the paper examines two groups: the Tiv of Africa and the Yanomamo of Brazil. The writer contends that there are certain kinship patterns that favor the segmentary lineage society while the cultures also may support the segmentary opposition. The writer continues and states that descent structures in these two groups are very much dependent on the social structure and the patrilineal descent construct. These are discussed in the paper by comparing the two groups. The paper is accompanied by two charts.

Tiv social organization

From the Paper:

"This is the Tiv's patrilineage. It is the Tiv's way to define the father's path and to follow it. A man can have five patrilineage that including: (1) his mother's ityo, whom he calls his igba, or rarely igba ngo; (2) his father's mother's ityo, his igba ter; (3) his father's father's mother's ityo, his igba ter u tamen; (4) his mother's mother's ityo, his igba ngo u tamen, and the ityo of his mother's secondary marriage guardian, his igba tien." (Bohannan et al 1958) In this context the man may have fixed ityo with varying igba. But it is the duty of the igba to protect him from agnates injustice and be the intermediary. This social construct is particularly important in large tribes or when it expands beyond the territories of Tivland."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bohann, et al. Tribes without Rulers: Studies in African Segmentary Rutledge & Paul. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 1958. Page Number: 33.
  • Sahlins, Marshall D. The Segmentary Lineage: An Organization of Predatory Expansion. American Anthropologist April, 1961 Vol.63 (2):322-344.
  • Schwimmer, Brian. The Yanomamo from Yanomamo Interactive CD ROM. 2003 Available at:

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APA Format

Village Community in a Segmentary Lineage Society (2008, December 21) Retrieved February 22, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Village Community in a Segmentary Lineage Society" 21 December 2008. Web. 22 February. 2024. <>