U.S. Foreign Policy - 21st Century Changes Comparison Essay

U.S. Foreign Policy - 21st Century Changes
An analysis of the foreign policy principles adopted by G.W. Bush's and Obama's administrations.
# 129059 | 2,169 words | 37 sources | APA | 2010 | GB
Published on Aug 29, 2010 in History (Leaders) , Political Science (U.S.) , Political Science (Terrorism)

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This paper analyzes the question of whether the 21st Century has seen a dramatic shift in the principles of US foreign policy, examining the foreign policy principles adopted by both G.W. Bush's and Obama's administrations. The paper asserts that both administrations, while following similar goals in general, showed distinctive differences in the approaches to the foreign policy. The paper explains that Bush's initial approach to the foreign affairs was drastically transformed by the attacks of 9/11 and changed to a hybrid mixture of realism and idealism and that Obama has demonstrated his commitment to embrace diplomatic and multilateral relations while building partnerships and cooperating with allies. The paper goes on to clarify that although Obama still promotes continued American leadership, development of democratic societies and shows commitment to American values as the foundation for his actions, his approach to the foreign policy is pragmatic and not ideological, which can be seen as another shift from the previous administrations. The paper concludes that, with the second year of the new administration unfolding, it remains to be seen whether these changes will last and how great the transformation will be at the end.

Bush's Administration and 9/11
National Security Policy
Global Economy and Environment
A Change Under Obama Administration?

From the Paper:

"A distinct departure from the previous administrations appears to be Obama's approach towards the issue of nuclear proliferation. He has adopted a view that is popular among many security experts - that the vision of a nuclear weapons-free world along with practical steps to achieve this is the best protection against the rising nuclear threats (Cirincione, 2010, p.122). However, from a different perspective, Thayer (2010, p.3-4) argues, that, despite Obama's initial rhetoric, his administration is a purely realist one. Having realised the problems with Iran, US is quietly preparing for a nuclear-armed Iran and adjusting alliances and military force structure accordingly. He further identifies similarities between the Bush's and Obama's administrations not only with regards to Afghanistan and Iraq but also in the foreign policies towards Russia and China."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Abelson, D.E. (2009) What were they thinking? Think tanks, the Bush presidency and US foreign policy in: Parmar, I., Miller, L.B., Ledwidge, M. (eds.) New directions in US foreign policy, p.92-105. Routledge, London and New York.
  • Bush, G. W. (2001) Address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, Washington, DC, September 20.
  • Chomsky, N. (2003) Hegemony or survival: America's quest for global dominance. Metropolitan, New York. Cited by Dawson, A. and Schueller, M. J. (2007) Exceptional state: contemporary US culture and the new imperialism. Duke University Press, Durham and London, p.8.
  • Cirincione, J. (2010) 'Taking the field: Obama's nuclear reforms', Survival, vol. 52-2, p.117-128.
  • Cox, M. (2003) American power before and after 11 September in: Singh, R. (2003) Governing America: the politics of a divided democracy, p.467-479. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

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U.S. Foreign Policy - 21st Century Changes (2010, August 29) Retrieved September 18, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/us-foreign-policy-21st-century-changes-129059/

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