Three Therapeutic Theories
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This paper explains Carl Rogers' client-centered therapy, Fredrick Perls' alternative to Freudian psychoanalytic doctrine that is known as the Gestalt therapy, and Albert Ellis' Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. The paper details these therapies and points out that while all three of these techniques focus on the individual, they differ in their approach to the problem.
From the Paper:"Carl Rogers was a founder of the humanistic psychology movement. His theories and research have had tremendous impact in the fields of counseling, psychotherapy, education, conflict resolution and world peace. His deep belief that each person has worth, dignity and the capacity for self-direction was counter to the pervading thought of his day. He defined the basic conditions for a therapeutic relationship as: empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. Often misunderstood or oversimplified, Roger's research into the psychotherapeutic process revealed that when a client felt accepted and deeply understood, healing occurred. Although his initial research described the client-therapist relationship, it became apparent that these guidelines were true for other types of relationships: parent-child, teacher-student and manager-employee. When the applications of this philosophy broadened, Rogers often substituted the words "person-centered" for "client-centered."
"He presented the theory so others could try it out and so it could be used as a basis for further research on psychotherapy. Rogers thought his theory was an approximation to the truth about therapy. But he was, also, committed to protecting and encouraging a spirit of experimentation, discovery and creativity about psychotherapy. He did not want client-centered therapy to be "frozen" but, rather, to be a working hypothesis, a stimulus to further inquiry about the therapy processes."
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Three Therapeutic Theories (2003, October 22) Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/three-therapeutic-theories-35864/
"Three Therapeutic Theories" 22 October 2003. Web. 26 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/three-therapeutic-theories-35864/>