Thought Processes of Plato, Machiavelli, Lao-Tzu Comparison Essay by Master Researcher

Thought Processes of Plato, Machiavelli, Lao-Tzu
A comparison of the works of Plato, Machiavelli and Lao-Tzu.
# 37065 | 2,150 words | 3 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Sep 28, 2003 in Philosophy (Ancient Greek) , Philosophy (History - 19th Century)

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This paper compares the works of Plato, Machiavelli and Lao-Tzu and discusses how while Machiavelli advocates autocracy and Plato argues in favor of perfect bureaucracy. The paper then considers the similarity between Plato and Lao-tzu and how it stems from the paradigm of common objective inherent in their respective philosophies.

From the Paper:

"Machiavelli's The Prince displays traces of influence of the early Greek philosopher, Plato. However, Machiavelli interprets Platonic philosophy in his own way. Plato is advocating the idea that the rulers should be fair and just and hence should rule via moral virtue. Machiavelli extends this thought or rather limit it to interpret Plato to be saying that moral virtue or "Virtu'" consists of only those set of behaviors that are in the best interest of the state. In other words, virtue comprises of what is best for the state. The difference or extension of thoughts between Plato and Machiavelli can be attributed to the fact that in Plato's time, man served the state where the underlying theme referred to was the view that ethics and politics were one and the same, sometimes running parallel, at other times overlapping in essential features. There was hardly, or negligible if any, a clear distinction between the private part of life and the more available or public life, as is common today. The concept of invasion of privacy was completely non existent, primarily because of the Athenian way of life. The inherent Athenian ways supported the idea that every part of life was open to public viewing and sharing, arising perhaps out of the Greek love and the opportunities therein for the theatric arts. The Athenian life left no room for a private life because of the widespread belief that there was no private life that was to be kept distinct from his public life."

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