Theories of Psychological Development Comparison Essay by Nicky

Theories of Psychological Development
An analysis and comparison of the Freudian perspective and the humanistic approach to personality development.
# 145527 | 702 words | 4 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Nov 14, 2010 in Psychology (Freud) , Psychology (Rogers) , Psychology (Theory)

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The paper outlines the principle elements of Sigmund Freud's classical psychoanalytic theory, as well as the ideas of Erik Erikson that were based on Freud's work. The paper then explains the theories of the humanistic school of human psychology that were advanced by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. The paper compares the Freudian approach with the humanistic approach and explains why, in the writer's opinion, the humanistic school seems to correspond more closely with observation and anecdotal experience.

Psychoanalytic Theory and Personality Development
Humanistic Theory and Personality Development
Personal Opinion

From the Paper:

"Sigmund Freud developed the classical psychoanalytic theory that preceded all other major schools of human psychology. The principle elements of Freudian psychology are the three conceptual components of the human psyche, the id, ego, and superego, within a framework of frustrations and attachments that begin in infancy and profoundly influence personality development thereafter. Much of the focus of Freudian analysis relates to establishing conscious awareness of various frustrations and attachments successfully repressed from conscious awareness as a protective mechanism. That natural defense often generates perceptions and behavioral responses that can significantly detract from psychological fulfillment and emotional stability in the individual until they are resolved (McWilliams, 2004)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005). Psychology and Life. 17th Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Hockenbury, D.H., Hockenbury, S.E. (2007) Discovering Psychology. New York: Worth.
  • McWilliams, N. (2004) Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: A Practitioner's Guide. New York: Guilford.
  • Mitchell, S., Black, M. (1995) Freud And Beyond: A History of Modern Psychoanalytic Thought. New York: Basic Books.

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Theories of Psychological Development (2010, November 14) Retrieved April 17, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Theories of Psychological Development" 14 November 2010. Web. 17 April. 2021. <>