The Stalin Revolution
This essay examines the effect of Joseph Stalin's reign over Russia and the social policies that he introduced. Stalin's work is compared to that of Karl Marx.
# 50420 | 2,500 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2000 |
Published on Apr 13, 2004 in History (Leaders) , Political Science (Political Theory) , History (Russian) , Political Science (Marx / Engels)
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This paper explains how Joseph Stalin used his understanding of the Marxist dialectic to better understand what good can come of any given society. It shows that Stalin manipulated the dialectic only because he knew it needed to be modernized to work properly in a more modern society, a Communist society. Stalin's movements in education and the labor force were truly remarkable and positively changed the face of Communism as the world knew it.
From the Paper:'Manya Gordon viewed the Stalin Revolution and the five year plan as a complete change in the position of labor. "Stalin made a point of making all labor and trade union commonplace and merging the entire Soviet labor force into one government operated establishment. In doing this, Stalin forced all government personnel in opposition to his plan to resign and filled their positions with his own followers who, in turn, helped induce the interests of the workers in the five year plan."5 In the opinion of Gordon, to a non Communist, the five year plan meant the complete betrayal of the workers interests for the sake of building a new, state owned industry. In relation to this, Stalin declared, "the trade unions are called upon to play a decisive role in the task of building social industry by stimulating labor productivity."6 Hence, the trade unions were compelled to drive the workers, to organize shock brigades, and to bring discipline to those who are lacking in production. In short, "the trade unions are a "whip" over the workers."7 Instead of defending the interests of the workers, the labor organizations were obliged to disperse Stalin's "brand" of Marxism which was actually very different from Lenin's Marxist policy. "Lenin insisted that all trade unions must be non political, while Stalin insinuated that all non political aspects of the unions must be eliminated. Eventually the people accepted Stalin's policy even though it depicted the laborers as a lower status of beings, much the same as earlier Russian capitalists."8 This fact would also mean that Stalin was not, in fact, a Marxist as he claimed to be, because a Marxist would be more concerned with the non political aspect of a trade union. For example, "Stalin planned for industrial workers to increase production by twenty eight percent, but only give the workers a six percent pay raise."9 Thus, Stalin was more concerned with industrialization than with the proletariat, hardly a display of Marxist theory. Another historian concerned with Stalinism and its effects was Raymond Bauer."
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