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This paper explains that the split in the early 16th Century resulted in the choice of being either Catholic or Protestant and offered people a more personal, spiritual and immediate emotional religion. Next, the author describes the lives of John Calvin and Martin Luther and iterates his five main doctrines. The paper stresses that Protestants believe in scripture only, no apocrypha, no purgatory, no prayer for saints, all of which is remarkably different than the Catholic religion especially considering that the Protestant religion was a direct offspring of Catholicism.
From the Paper:"Martin Luther's main doctrines involved the "salvation by faith alone' doctrine and he implied that salvation in Heaven was at the discretion of God's grace and the extent of the faith of the believer. The core of the Protestant beliefs involved this and five more principles. The first of these was 'justification by faith alone,' Luther derived this from the teachings of Paul and since all people are sinful that faith is a gift from God because man cannot achieve it on his own.
"The second principle is the 'non-existence of purgatory,' since good works cannot get a person into Heaven, there is no need for a place to purge their sins. Luther saw the invention of Purgatory was not in the Bible, but a way for the Catholic Church to gain monetary gain. The third principle was the 'Priesthood of all believers,' Luther did away with the priests and replaced them with ministers or pastors to lead the worship service. He realized the Church leaders have no control of the salvation of man and that it was between the believer and God. The fourth principle was the 'sola scriptura,' meaning the Bible was open to the interpretation of the worshiper and not just the Church hierarchy."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Kreis, S. 2002. "Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation." Retrieved on May 13, 2010 from http://www.historyguide.org/earlymod/lecture3c.html
- "Reformation: Luther's Main Doctrines." 2010. Retrieved on May 13, 2010 from http://www.humboldt.edu/~wh1/466.Reformation/466.LutherDoctrine.html
- Religiousfacts.com. 2010. Retrieved on May 13, 2010 from http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/charts/catholic_protestant.htm
Cite this Comparison Essay:
The Principles of the Protestant Reformation (2013, February 08) Retrieved March 07, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-principles-of-the-protestant-reformation-152415/
"The Principles of the Protestant Reformation" 08 February 2013. Web. 07 March. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-principles-of-the-protestant-reformation-152415/>