The Philosophies of Aristotle and St. Augustine
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This paper examines the fundamental ideas of Aristotle and St. Augustine respectively, followed by a comparison and contrast of their outlooks. First, the paper discusses Aristotle's belief in good and his overall approach to the role of reason in ethics. Next, the paper takes a look at St. Augustine's viewpoint about good, evil and freewill. Then, the paper proceeds to synthesize the ideas of Aristotle and St. Augustine to achieve the objective of comparing and contrasting these two philosophies. The paper concludes with the author offering a personal opinion about the philosophical approaches of Aristotle and St. Augustine.
From the Paper:"Let us have a point-by-point discussion of these three important things. Firstly, evil does not exist at all because St. Augustine believes that good things are predisposed to corruption because if they were the ultimate, supreme good, then they will be incapable of being corrupted. Therefore, we can simply put that things that are corrupted is simply something that lacks some good. Moreover, Augustine assumes that all existing things are good because they are capable of being corrupted. Evil, on the other and, is not a substance because it is not good. Given the idea that God created all things, then he did not create evil, hence evil can be seen as simply an "illusion" of some sort."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ferguson., W. (1993). If God is all powerful and good, where does evil come from? Retrieved from http://www.kheper.net/topics/philosophy/Beyond_the_Problem_of_Evil.html on March 3, 2009.
- Kemerling, G. (2001). Aristotle: Ethics and Virtues. Retrieved from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2s.htm on March 3, 2009
- Kraut, R. (2007). Aristotle's Ethics. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-ethics. On March 3, 2009.
- Payne, W.R. (n.d.). St. Augustine. Retrieved from http://facweb.bcc.ctc.edu/wpayne/augustine.htm. On March 3, 2009.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
The Philosophies of Aristotle and St. Augustine (2010, December 24) Retrieved November 27, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-philosophies-of-aristotle-and-st-augustine-146219/
"The Philosophies of Aristotle and St. Augustine" 24 December 2010. Web. 27 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-philosophies-of-aristotle-and-st-augustine-146219/>