The Cognitive Process Comparison Essay by Nicky

An exploration of cognitive processes that specifically compares extraverted and introverted sensing and extraverted and introverted thinking.
# 150328 | 1,978 words | 13 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 31, 2012 in Psychology (Theory)

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The paper discusses the theories of Piaget, Jung, and Meyers on the cognitive process and the various personality types. The paper compares and contrasts extraverted and introverted sensing and extraverted and introverted thinking and provides a table that compares these cognitive styles on different issues. The paper points out that the process types can be generalized into similarities to help us interact proactively and productively with one another, to help us understand our particular style of processing and to utilize cognitive theory for self-criticism and adaptations in our methodology. A figure and a table are included in this paper.

From the Paper:

"Taken together, then, a more detailed analysis of the processes of sensing and thinking allows a greater insight into new ways to process information. Extraverted thinking, for instance, is really more of an analytical tool, drawing in as much of the required information to make decisions based on the particular issue. This process builds a model of a system that needs assessment, and outwardly requires deep analysis of all forms of input/output. For instance, ET personalities will often spend a great deal of time in the details, assuring that all the relevant data sets are not only accurate, but that each step and detail has been appropriately vetted, analyzed, and interpreted. Only then can the analysis occur, and only if the ET is confident of the overall accuracy (Ohta,, 2006; Meyer and Kieras, 1997).
"Introverted thinking processes however, and equally as analytical and categorical, but often become bogged down within their own thoughts while internally solving issues. Internally, for instance, this cognitive process knows what the right format or answer is, but must find reasoning processes to make the reality of the issue come to light. One might think of a person "visualizing" the solution of a Rubik's Cube without having the tactile sense of trying solutions (Bernes, 2000; Merikle, and Eastwood, 2001)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Berens, L.V. (2000). Dynamics of Personality Type: Understanding and Applying Jung's Cognitive Processes. Telos Publications.
  • "Bloom's Taxonomy." (August 4, 2006). Goconstructivism. Cited in:
  • Cheesman, J. and P. Merikle. (1986). "Distinguishing Conscious From UnconsciousPerceptual Processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology. 20 (1): 304-17.
  • Esgate, A. (2004). Applied Cognitive Psychology. Psychology Press.
  • Gallagher, J. and D Reid. (2002). The Learning Theory of Piaget and Inhelder. Iuniverse.

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

The Cognitive Process (2012, January 31) Retrieved March 25, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Cognitive Process" 31 January 2012. Web. 25 March. 2023. <>