The Arts and Crafts and De Stijl Movements Comparison Essay by write123

The Arts and Crafts and De Stijl Movements
An analysis of how the Arts and Crafts and the De Stijl movements influenced contemporary British and Dutch architecture and design.
# 105985 | 8,115 words | 26 sources | MLA | 2008 | US
Published on Jul 22, 2008 in Architecture (Buildings) , Architecture (European) , Architecture (Modern) , Architecture (History)


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Description:

This paper compares the Arts and Crafts and the De Stijl movements. It analyzes the features of each architectural movement individually and then compares the features between them. The paper then assesses their influence on contemporary British and Dutch architecture and design. The paper provides specific examples, with pictures of how the movements influence architecture today.

Table of Contents:
Objective
The Arts And Crafts Movement
The De Stijl Movement
Contemporary British and Dutch Architecture and Design
Three Development Routes in Dutch Urban Design
Summary And Conclusion

From the Paper:

"The Dutch, as compared to other countries where demand is generally met by producing generic housing that is mass-produced allow the designers a chance to design housing units upon graduation from school in part because the designers are trained to ensue upon immediate work after leaving school. The Deflt University of Technology emphasizes knowledge of a technical nature and the architects have the know-how to begin building early in their career. The reasons that Dutch designers are so successful is the results of "a situation in which construction of housing has become so systematized that it has created a well-oiled machine to support the experimentation young designers embrace." (Tisma, Bijlsma, and Dammers, 2007) Furthermore, 'Concrete shells and standard window assemblies can be deconstructed and reassembled in new ways, and even the gridded landscape in which new housing estates appear give the architects a field within which they can experiment. In a sense the whole Dutch building trade subsidizes experimentation by collectivizing individual homes into large-scale systems within which architects can create innovative forms." (p. 286) One example of the new housing estate in the Netherlands is named Hageneiland and is located just east of The Hague. This property was designed by MDRDV and was completed in 2001. This property is comprised by 119 primarily rental units. The arrangement of the housing stood a row of houses that were poured into concrete frames along the road with small front and backyards. However two units were left standing closer to the road and moved a few back and so forth which created a small village of structures since the front was not closed. This results in more interaction between neighbors going to and front their homes. Each group of units is covered in one material: (1) red tile; (2) blue metal; (3) concrete panels; and so forth."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • (J Duiker, 'Berlage en de "Nieuwe Zakelijkheid" ', De 8 en Opbouw, 1932, 1: 43-51, cited in Aimee de Back, Sabine Berndsen and Camiel Berns, Een zeer aangenaam verblijf: het dienstbodenhuis van J Duiker op sanatorium Zonnestraal. A space of their own: the servants' house by J Duiker at Zonnestraal sanatorium, Rotterdam, 010 Publishers, 1996, p. 15.)
  • (Notes on the Chronology of El Lissitzky's Proun Compositions
  • Alan C. Birnholz The Art Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Sep., 1973), pp. 437-439 ))
  • Bakker-Johnson, Elisabeth A. (2003) Hilversum Town Hall, Netherlands. Online Available Routledge NY At: Http://Www.Routledge-Ny.Com/Ref/Architecture/Hilversum.Pdf
  • Britain Embraced Modernism For A Time Yet Much Housing Now Attempts To Recreate An Image Of An Idealised Past, Why Is This? And Why Do The Arts And Crafts Ideas Of Honest And Functional Architecture Seem Ot Have Turned Into Pastiche?

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

The Arts and Crafts and De Stijl Movements (2008, July 22) Retrieved November 23, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-arts-and-crafts-and-de-stijl-movements-105985/

MLA Format

"The Arts and Crafts and De Stijl Movements" 22 July 2008. Web. 23 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/the-arts-and-crafts-and-de-stijl-movements-105985/>

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