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This paper presents David Hume's argument against suicide as described in "Of Suicide." It discusses his arguments based on God's plan for human beings and the establishment of immutable laws that cannot be transgressed, although he does defend suicide in certain scenarios. It then discusses Immanuel Kant's argument against suicide in "Suicide and Duty" and his position that suicide can never be justified.
From the Paper:"Kant (1930) provides the strongest position on the immorality of suicide. Although Hume (1874) defends suicide in certain cases, he based his entire argument in God's plan for human beings and the establishment of immutable laws that cannot be transgressed. Those laws are, in fact, providence, designed to protect human beings and guide them. The problem with Hume's (1874) argument is that in a universe that is completely controlled and determined by God, there is no choice for the human being. All that anyone can do is to accept and observe the laws. The whole argument depends on whether has faith in God. Kant's (1930) argument focuses on the human being as having a great deal of worth and as a person who is a moral agent. The person can commit suicide but the choice is made on the basis of a higher purpose which is that person's own purpose."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Hume, David. "Of Suicide". In David Benatar ed. (2004). life, death, & meaning. Toronto: Rowman & Litlefied Publishers, 289-296.
- Kant, Immanuel. "Suicide and Duty". In David Benatar ed. (2004). life, death, & meaning. Toronto: Rowman & Litlefied Publishers, 297-304.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Suicide (2008, March 26) Retrieved June 18, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/suicide-102500/
"Suicide" 26 March 2008. Web. 18 June. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/suicide-102500/>