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This paper discusses how Plato's concept of social justice consisted of individual virtue as well as that quality which makes a society good, harmonious and productive. It then looks at how both Mill and Marx borrowed elements of Plato's thought in developing their own versions of social justice. In addition, the paper examines how Marx essentially believed that the cause of all social and economic inequality was the capitalist system and how social justice could only come about though the overthrow of that system. In comparison, the paper looks at how Mill provided practical principles of social justice that demonstrate just how social justice can be compatible with political freedom.
From the Paper:"Marx believed that capitalism is the source of inequality since the division of classes creates a gulf between rich and poor, as well as between workers and the owners of the means of production. Capitalism comprises both an economic and political structure which determines the distribution of wealth. Marx viewed the principle of justice as distributive and as based in individual need. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels (1) stated that all social classes over history are involved in a struggle "that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes". The means to achieve social justice is through revolution or radical transformation of all economic institutions along with the existing social and political system. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Marx, Karl & Engels, Frederick. The Communist Manifesto. New York: Penguin, 2002.
- Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1978.
- Mill, J.S. Principles of Political Economy. Ed., Jonathan Riley (Oxford, 1999.
- Mill, J.S. The Subjection of Women. Toronto: Broadview Press, 2000.
- Plato. The Republic. New York: Penguin, 2007.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Social Justice (2008, June 29) Retrieved February 06, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/social-justice-105123/
"Social Justice" 29 June 2008. Web. 06 February. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/social-justice-105123/>