Religions in Ancient History Comparison Essay by Nicky

Religions in Ancient History
A look at the similarities and differences between Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.
# 149010 | 2,124 words | 10 sources | MLA | 2011 | US

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


This paper examines, compares and contrasts the beliefs and traditions of five great religions of the ancient Middle East and Asia, which include Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. The paper attempts to point out the roles these religions played in the daily life of the ancient world particularly noting their social significance. First, the paper explores Judaism, Christianity and Islam, three ancient religions which are still practiced today. The paper discusses the common creation story of Judaism and Christianity, and touches upon how it is mentioned in the Qur'an. Additionally, the paper addresses the messianic concepts of these three religions. Next, the paper considers the Eastern religions of Buddhism and Hinduism, showing how Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The major texts, doctrines and philosophies of these religions are discussed at length. In particular, the paper notes what the two religions have in common. Wars and conflicts in the ancient world that arose from differences in religion are also addressed. The paper concludes by stating that the religions examined in the paper were very strong, existing today while other religions, such as the ancient Greek and Roman religions disappeared.


People of the Book: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Eastern Asian Religions: Hinduism and Buddhism

From the Paper:

"Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are three ancient religions still practiced today. Because these religions share a common origin, Muslims call Christians and Jews "People of the Book," and see them as adherents of a religion that is similar to theirs. Although Muslims claim that theirs is "the perfection of the religion revealed first to Abraham," they see Christians as Jews as more enlightened than those who practice other religions or atheists ("People of the Book"). Christians and Jews, on the other hand, tend to have a sympathetic view of each other, but do not necessarily extend that sympathy to Islam. The similarities shared among these religions can be seen in their creation stories, their theological beliefs, and their ethical and moral principals. While differences can also be found in these areas, major differences among these three religions can be seen in their ancient societies.
"The Bible--holy book of Christians and Jews--tells of a creation story in which God created the world, including a man--Adam. When Adam became lonely, God created a female companion for Adam with his rib."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • "A Concise History of Islam and the Arabs." Mid East Web. n.d. 11 June 2009. <>
  • Abdullah, Mohd Habibullah Bin. "The Story of Creation in the Quar'an and Old Testament." Bismika Allahuma. 15 October 2005. 11 June 2009. <>
  • Bass, Alden. "The Ancient Origins of Hinduism." Apologetic Press. 2004. 11 June 2009. <>
  • "Buddhism in India." Indian Child. 2000. 11 June 2009. <>
  • "Comparison of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity." Religion Facts. 2009. 11 June 2009. <>

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Religions in Ancient History (2011, November 20) Retrieved February 07, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Religions in Ancient History" 20 November 2011. Web. 07 February. 2023. <>