Quantitative and Qualitative Methodologies
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The paper critically assesses two differing research methodologies; quantitative and qualitative as both form an important part of sociological examination although fundamental differences exist between them. The paper provides an outline of each method and the manner in which it is employed followed by an examination of the inherent differences between the two methodologies. The paper concludes with an assessment as to what advantages can be attained when the two opposite approaches are used in conjunction with one another.
From the Paper:"Therefore, from such a basis it is possible to see how the two different methods employ differing criteria when examining social phenomena. Quantitative methodology relies heavily on measurable scientific data (Phillips, 1976; p. 102). As such, wide ranging data collection is a consistent feature of the quantitative approach. This would include data collection methods such as surveys and questionnaires. Interviews could also play an important role in quantitative research but such interviews would be heavily structured. A clear and unambiguous structure is vital to the methodology employed so that clearly definable scientific results can be offered. Given this, the quantitative approach requires as a prerequisite that the individual researcher or interviewer adopts an impartial and detached stance toward the research. (Bailey 1994; p. 136). Becoming heavily and directly involved in the research process could impact on the mathematical result and therefore negatively affect the reliability of the data."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Stacey, Margaret. "Methods of Social Research" Oxford: Pergamon, 1969.
- Phillips, Bernard S. "Social Research: Strategy and Tactics" New York: Macmillan, 1976.
- Bailey, Kenneth D. "Methods of Social Research" New York: Macmillan, 1994.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Quantitative and Qualitative Methodologies (2008, August 30) Retrieved April 01, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/quantitative-and-qualitative-methodologies-107230/
"Quantitative and Qualitative Methodologies" 30 August 2008. Web. 01 April. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/quantitative-and-qualitative-methodologies-107230/>