Proving God's Existence: Anselm, Aquinas, and Kant
A comparison of three distinct approaches to the proofs for the existence of God, as set forth, respectively, by Anselm, Thomas Aquinas, and Emanuel Kant.
# 113826 | 2,047 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2006 |
Published on May 13, 2009 in Religion and Theology (The Bible) , Religion and Theology (Christianity) , Philosophy (History - 18th Century)
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This paper analyzes the distinct approaches to the theological question of how to prove God's existence by three theologians: Anselm, Thomas Aquinas and Emanuel Kant. The writer provides the historical, religious and intellectual background of each of the three, and summarizes each theologian's approach and what they had in common, as well as their differences and limitations. The writer also discusses why the three theologians differ and explains how each approach expanded the writer's personal knowledge of the ongoing debate concerning the proofs for God's existence in theology.
From the Paper:"Thomas Aquinas lived from 1225 to 1274 C.E. Thomas was related to Italian aristocracy and to kings and emperors of other countries. He joined the Dominicans, who for their missionary purposes stressed the importance of the gospel and academic knowledge. Problems arose in the 13th century with the dealing of the rediscovery of Aristotle's thoughts, thanks to the work of Spanish Muslims such as Averroes. Some theologians completely rejected Aristotelian thought while others accepted it uncritically. Unlike these other theologians, Aquinas welcomed Aristotelian thought but with a critical outlook. The rediscovery of Aristotle's writings was the beginning of how some theologians acquired the ability to initiate a meaningful dialogue between science and philosophy with theology - yet ironically, its acceptance was embraced after Aquinas' life."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Hill, Jonathan. The History of Christian Thought. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2003.
- Packer, J. I., New Dictionary of Theology. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1988.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
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