Positions of Personalities in Psychology
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This paper discusses the theoretical positions of the personalities which influenced psychology from the second half of the 19th century, particularly William James, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud. The paper shows how each one of these individuals has illuminated the causes and nature of psychological functioning in ways that have allowed for those who have come after them to expound upon them and create new and innovative ideas.
From the Paper:"Sigmund Freud was born May 6, 1856. Considered to be the most influential intellectual legislator of his age Freud created psychoanalysis that, at one time, was a theory of the human psyche, a therapy for the relief of its ills, and an optic for the interpretation of culture and society (Freud, 2009).). Freud also developed another theory of the conscious, and unconscious, mind known as ego (conscious), superego (preconscious), and id (unconscious). In these three distinct categories lie answers into the human body, and mind, that explains the functions of these organisms. Freud deduced numerous theories throughout his life; however, the one for which he is best known is the theory of psychosexual development; however, this is also the most controversial. In this theory, Freud states that there are five distinct categories of development: the oral phase, the sadistic-anal phase, the phallic phase, the latency period, and the genital phase (Felluga, D.) Based on Freud's findings, all of one's behaviors can be traced back to an occurrence that took place during one of these stages. Throughout Freud's life, he developed many theories that paved the way for the world of psychology, and those theories continue to do so."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Boerce, C. G., (2006). Theory of Personality. Retrieved October15, 2009 from: http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/adler.html
- Butler-Bowdon, T., (2008). Principles of Psychology by William James: A commentary on his classic and influential work [Internet]. Version 4. Knol. 2008 Jul 30. Available from: http://knol.google.com/k/tom-butler-bowdon/principles-of-psychology-by-william/2l1paxxoh5qsf/4.
- Des.emory. (2009). The Stream of Consciousness. Retrieved from http://www.des.emory.edu/mfp/tt2.html
- Encarta.msn. (2009). Carl Jung. Retrieved from http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/search.aspx?q=Carl+jung
- Felluga, Dino. "Modules on Freud: On Psychosexual Development." Introductory Guide to Critical Theory. November 28, 2003. Purdue . Retrieved October 17, 2009. http://www.purdue.edu/guidetotheory/psychoanalysis/freud.html
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Positions of Personalities in Psychology (2010, April 11) Retrieved April 21, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/positions-of-personalities-in-psychology-119202/
"Positions of Personalities in Psychology" 11 April 2010. Web. 21 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/positions-of-personalities-in-psychology-119202/>