Plato and Aristotle: A Comparison of their Philosophies
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The paper discusses the beliefs and philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and finds that Plato demonstrated two realms to reality as he taught an internal view of metaphysics alongside a realm of fixed and being forms, while Aristotle preached from more of an external view, that one linear level subsumes our reality and forms are found only within particular things that possess both form and matter. The paper highlights several differences between Aristotelianism and Platonism and notes Aristotle's and Plato's differing conceptualizations of Mimesis but agreement on the teachings of Diegesis. The paper also looks at the impact of these philosophers on succeeding philosophers.
From the Paper:"How did the universe come into existence? What or who created the creation of the universe and what created that? The questions can go on forever. When discussing the study of the most essential genuine hierarchy of reality ontology is what we are discussing. An example of ontology is God being the highest in the order, going to angels, then pastors and priest, until we get to the common man. These two components make Metaphysics. Metaphysics wants to know is it really real, how you know it is real, and how did it get here?
"Plato would have us all consider that we should question everything. According to Silverman, we know that Plato was a student of Socrates, but was influenced by Heraclitus (c. 540 B. C. -480-70), Parmenides (c.515 B. C. -449-40), and Socrates (470 B. C. -399). Only fragments remain of the writings of Parmenides and Heraclitus, including some contained in the dialogues of Plato. Socrates wrote nothing. PlatoaE(TM)s depiction of his teacher is our primary source of evidence for his philosophy (The Metaphysics Research Lab, 2009). Socrates was put to death. It is thought that Plato put his own ideas of what he felt Socrates would have developed in his thinking, in his work about reality."
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- Hetherington, Norriss S. (1993), Cosmology: historical, literary, philosophical, religious, and scientific perspectives, Taylor & Francis, p. 44.
- SparkNotes Editors. "SparkNote on Aristotle." SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2005. Web. 28 Oct. 2010.
- Plato's Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology. First published Mon Jun 9, 2003; substantive revision Wed Dec 10, 2008. The Metaphysics Research Lab (2009). Web. 2 November 2010.
- Freedictionary.com. The American Heritage(r) Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright (c)2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Web. 2010 freedictionary.com. All Rights Reserved.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Plato and Aristotle: A Comparison of their Philosophies (2013, May 01) Retrieved December 10, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/plato-and-aristotle-a-comparison-of-their-philosophies-152948/
"Plato and Aristotle: A Comparison of their Philosophies" 01 May 2013. Web. 10 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/plato-and-aristotle-a-comparison-of-their-philosophies-152948/>