Person-Centered, Existential and Gestalt Therapies: A Comparison
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The paper discusses Carl Rogers' person-centered, or client-directed therapy, where the therapist and the client set mutually-articulated goals, rather than the therapist imposing a particular course of treatment. The paper explains that person-centered therapies attempt to unearth the client's real impulses and desires through complete acceptance and a sense of empowerment. The paper then looks at Gestalt therapy that is based upon 'field theory' or the need to see the big picture rather than focusing on minutiae, and relates that like person-centered therapy, it tries to help the client construct a meaningful existence. Finally, the paper discusses existential therapy and how it makes use of many of the same techniques as person-centered and Gestalt therapy, but instead of focusing upon the individual, and unlike person-centered approaches which allow clients to direct sessions, existential therapists place the concerns of the patient in a wider philosophical context.
From the Paper:"Psychoanalytic therapy was a highly directed and structured form of therapy created by Sigmund Freud. Its purpose was to explore the subconscious of the client through free associations and other techniques that would unearth unexplored desires and buried conflicts between the id, ego, and superego. However, over the course of the 20th century, theorists began to question Freudian orthodoxy. In the 1960s, one of the most notable paradigm shifts occurred in the profession with the introduction of person-centered, or client-directed therapy. Carl Rogers created a non-directive form of therapy where the therapist and the client set mutually-articulated goals, rather than the therapist imposing a particular course of treatment. Roger's approach "deals with the ways in which people perceive themselves consciously rather than having a therapist try to interpret unconscious thoughts or ideas" (Person-centered, 2010, Depression guide).
"In person-centered therapy, the therapist might simply paraphrase what the client says, enabling the individual to gain a new perspective upon his or her life. For example, a depressed client might state: "my life is worthless. Everything I touch I break." The therapist, rather than trying to argue with the client, or passively listening to his or her statements might repeat: "you think EVERYTHING in your life is worthless? What about your promotion last week?" The therapist does not put on a mask of objectivity. According to Rogers, the goal of therapy is for the therapist and the client both aspire to be their 'authentic selves.'"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Gestalt therapy techniques. (2010). Depression. Articles database. Retrieved July 9, 2010 at http://www.articlesbase.com/mental-health-articles/gestalt-therapy-techniques-1081750.html#ixzz0tECzduo7
- Existential therapy. (2009). Existential therapy homepage. Retrieved July 9, 2010 athttp://www.existential-therapy.com/
- Person-centered therapy. (2010). Depression Guide. Retrieved July 9, 2010 athttp://www.depression-guide.com/person-centered-therapy.htm
- Yontef, Gary. (1993). Gestalt therapy: An introduction. Excerpt available from Awareness, dialogue and process published by The Gestalt Journal Press on July 9, 2010 athttp://www.gestalt.org/yontef.htm
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Person-Centered, Existential and Gestalt Therapies: A Comparison (2013, April 05) Retrieved June 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/person-centered-existential-and-gestalt-therapies-a-comparison-152627/
"Person-Centered, Existential and Gestalt Therapies: A Comparison" 05 April 2013. Web. 05 June. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/person-centered-existential-and-gestalt-therapies-a-comparison-152627/>