Perceptions of the Iranian Revolution Comparison Essay by The Research Group

Perceptions of the Iranian Revolution
Compares the views of Westerners and Islamic observers on the origins of the 1979 revolution, religious, political and economic aspects, populism, bureaucracy and the failure of the West to foresee the revolution.
# 14567 | 3,375 words | 10 sources | 1999 | US
Published on Jul 18, 2003 in History (Middle Eastern) , International Relations (Non-U.S.)


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Description:

The Iranian Revolution took place in 1979 but could be foreseen in some form several years before that. Much of the world misunderstood the nature of the regime of the Shah of Iran before the revolution and not surprisingly has misunderstood the nature of the revolution itself.

From the Paper:

"The Iranian Revolution took place in 1979 but could be foreseen in some form several years before that. Much of the world misunderstood the nature of the regime of the Shah of Iran before the revolution and not surprisingly has misunderstood the nature of the revolution itself. For the United States, one reason for this myopia may have been the fact that the monarchy had been restored by a CIAaided coup in 1953, after which Reza Shah Pahlavi had used Iran's oil revenues to finance the rapid modernization of his country and the purchase of American arms. Nixon viewed Iran as a U.S. surrogate in the Persian Gulf, and as late as 1977, President Carter praised the Shah for making Iran "an island of stability." It is clear that American intelligence services failed to detect or underestimated the widespread..."

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