National Emergency Management Comparison Essay by Quality Writers

National Emergency Management
This paper examines national emergency laws in Japan, the United States, Canada, China and India and what they reveal about national concerns and agendas.
# 100133 | 3,678 words | 15 sources | MLA | 2007 | US
Published on Dec 16, 2007 in Political Science (General)

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The paper discusses how, with regard to national emergency laws, Japan, the United States and Canada focus on man-made disasters, whereas China and India emphasize naturally-occurring events. The paper shows how, while all five countries adhere to the same basic approach of contemplating mitigation, vulnerability and recovery, the United States and India have produced extensive and impressive bureaucratic responses to recent events while other nations have lagged behind. The paper discusses how different nations' plans are a direct reflection on what they feel are most threatening to their future security and well-being.

From the Paper:

"Japan is the first of the nation's whose national emergency management will be reviewed and it does indeed provide an interesting case. Specifically, it is appropriate to look at Japan's recent national emergency legislation - legislation designed specifically to give that country greater military freedom in the event of external attack or even threat. To begin with, 2003 saw the Japanese Parliament or Diet approve three contingency bills - the Bill to Respond to Armed Attack, the Bill for Revision on the Law Governing the Security Council of Japan, the Bill for Revision on the Self-Defense Forces (SDF) Law. Essentially, these bills - which are quite complex pieces of legislation - permit the Japanese government to disavow the "abandoning war" commitment delineated in Article 9 of the national Constitution; in a closely-related vein, injunctions against strengthening or broadening the country's military operations and development have now been cast aside."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bilham, Roger. "26 January 2001 Bhuj Earthquake, Gujarat, India." N.d. University of Colorado. 1 Nov. 2006 <>
  • Department of Justice, Canada. "The Anti-Terrorism Act." Royal Assent of Bill C-36. 18 Dec. 2001. Department of Justice Canada. 1 Nov. 2006 <>
  • "Japan Seeks Military Strength at Will." People's Daily Online. 21 Jun. 2004. People's Daily Online. 1 Nov. 2006 <>
  • Kafatos, Lefteris. "Japan's Emergency Measures Legislation: Altering the Role of the Armed Forces?"
  • Indian Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. "National Disaster Management: Ministry of Home Affairs (homepage)." National Disaster Management in India. N.d. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 1 Nov. 2006 <>

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

National Emergency Management (2007, December 16) Retrieved June 01, 2023, from

MLA Format

"National Emergency Management" 16 December 2007. Web. 01 June. 2023. <>