Moral Philosophy: John Mill vs. John Rawls
A comparison of John Stuart Mill's view of morality based on utilitarianism and John Rawls' theory of justice.
# 114546 | 1,111 words | 1 source | MLA | 2009 |
Published on Jun 15, 2009 in Political Science (Mill, John Stuart) , Philosophy (History - 20th Century) , Philosophy (History - 19th Century)
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This paper discusses John Stuart Mill's utilitarian-based view, which bases morality on the promotion of the maximum pleasure and minimal pain for the greatest amount of people in a society. The writer then discusses John Rawls' theory of justice, based on the desire for fairness in a society, which opposes Mill's utilitarianism. By presenting a critique of Mill's utilitarianism and showing that moral decisions based on utilitarianism are sometimes unacceptable, as opposed to a common natural desire for justice above all else, the writer demonstrates that Rawls' theory of justice is the most appropriate theory of morality.
From the Paper:"On the discussion of moral philosophy and ethics, John Mill supports the position of utilitarianism. Mill's utilitarianism is based on the "greatest happiness principle", which states that moral decisions should be based on promoting the success of the society, maximizing the happiness and pleasure and minimizing the pain and suffering for the greatest amount of people. Mill claims that the desire for happiness and avoidance of pain is true to all people and that this trait should be the basis for a theory of moral philosophy. He elaborates by showing happiness itself can be measured more specifically according to quality rather than simply by quantity, allowing for different levels of happiness dependent on the cause and the individual."
Sample of Sources Used:
- BonJour, Laurence, and Ann Baker. Philosophical Problems: An Annotated Anthology. 2nd ed. NYC: Longman Group, 2004.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Moral Philosophy: John Mill vs. John Rawls (2009, June 15) Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/moral-philosophy-john-mill-vs-john-rawls-114546/
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