Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology Comparison Essay by MommyS

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology
A comparison of the major approaches to clinical psychology--psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic and family systems--in relation to the treatment of ADHD.
# 151609 | 1,240 words | 7 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jul 13, 2012 in Psychology (Child and Adolescent) , Psychology (Theory) , Psychology (Clinical)


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Description:

This paper reviews the philosophical and historical origins of each of the major approaches to clinical psychology--psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. Next, the author identifies the goals of each approach and describes its techniques and strategies used for therapy. The paper explains how each approach affects the treatment strategies for ADHD and evaluates its effectiveness based on therapy outcome research.

Table of Contents:
History of Psychodynamics
Psychodynamic Approach
Application to ADHD
History of Cognitive-Behaviorism
Cognitive-Behavioral Approach
Application to ADHD
History of Humanism
Humanistic Approach
Application to ADHD
History of Family Systems
Family Systems Approach
Application to ADHD

From the Paper:

"Similar to how the start of behaviorism was caused in part to a revolt against the "unscientific" psychodynamic perspectives, humanism began with the rejection of "the mechanistic, impersonal, hierarchical, elitist psychoanalytic establishment and the overly scientific, cold, removed behaviorism." Through the work of people like Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, humanism suggested that human behavior is a direct result of one's drive for the future. It was believed that all humans act with a sense of responsibility and purpose. The concept that all individuals are trying to achieve self-actualization was believed to be the driving force of human behavior.
"Humanistic Approach. The humanistic approach is inherently empathetic and focuses on understanding and acceptance. "Humanistic professionals tend to assume that people are basically well-intentioned and that they naturally strive toward growth, love, creativity, and self-actualization."
"Traditionally, humanistic treatment techniques include empathy, congruence, active listening, and unconditional regard. The idea behind humanist treatment is to sincerely empathize with the client, helping the client "to feel accepted and understood and ultimately to enable growth to occur." In this way, the treatment assists the individual in achieving self-actualization.
"Application to ADHD. Humanistic treatment for children with ADHD typically involves the core treatment concepts of empathy, congruence, active listening, and unconditional regard, but may also include reframing."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York, NY: Worth.
  • Conway, F. (2012). Psychodynamic psychotherapy of ADHD: A review of the literature. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, doi:10.1037/a0027344
  • Goodwin, C. J. (2008). A history of modern psychology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  • Higgins, P. (2012). ADHD family therapy options. In pathiggins.net. Retrieved from www.pathiggins.net/psychweb/ADHD.ppt
  • Levine, J. E. (1997). Re-visioning attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Clinical Social Work Journal, 25(2), 197-209. doi:10.1023/A:1025762509298

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology (2012, July 13) Retrieved September 23, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/major-approaches-to-clinical-psychology-151609/

MLA Format

"Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology" 13 July 2012. Web. 23 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/major-approaches-to-clinical-psychology-151609/>

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