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This paper discusses how both the United States and South Korea have issues with juvenile delinquency that can be observed from a sociological viewpoint, and how sociology and culture are major influences in the problem of juvenile delinquency in both East and West. Through an examination of the causes of juvenile delinquency in South Korea and the United States, characteristics integral to the problem of juvenile delinquency regardless of culture and geographic location can be isolated with implications for solutions worldwide. The paper concludes that although they are on separate sides of the world, the United States and South Korea face many of the same problems when it comes to juvenile delinquents and how, in both countries, the lack of a definite role for criminal justice personnel is among the contributing factors, as those who struggle to determine how juvenile offenders should be dealt with cannot propose affective solutions. The paper further concludes that it is societal factors--like school, family, and economics-- that play an important role in the forming of U.S. and South Korean juvenile delinquents.
From the Paper:"In South Korea, society has been drastically impacted by the clash of cultures that occurred when traditional Eastern religion and culture met with Western ideas during the 20th century. Criminal justice was no exception. Although the Korean people had traditionally used Chinese law as the basis for their legal culture, such as Confucian ideas, the early 1900s brought with them an influx of Western law, especially European traditions. Further, during Japanese occupation, many traditions of the Japanese criminal justice system infiltrated the Korean traditions, such as the Japanese guarantee of no form of rights. During the late 1900s, however, Western components of criminal justice began to become more characteristic of the Korean system. Civil rights such as legal searches and warrants, the right to counsel, and rules regarding types of evidence admitted to court proceedings. However, the Library of Congress (2009) writes that the culture makes refusing to abide by such rules acceptable (Library of Congress, 2009). With this unique balance of criminal justice ideas, the situation regarding the prosecution of juvenile delinquents in South Korea is precarious. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Kim, H. & Kim, H. (2006). Discriminative Factor Analysis of Juvenile Delinquency in South Korea. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi, 36(8), 1315-1323.
- Kim, H. & Kim, H. (2008). Juvenile Delinquency And Youth Crime. New York: Nova.
- Library of Congress (2009). A Country Study: South Korea. Retrieved August 18, 2009,from the Library of Congress Web Site: http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/krtoc.html
- Roberts, C.H. (2005). Juvenile Delinquency: Cause and Effect. Retrieved August 18, 2009, from Yale New Haven Teacher's Institute: http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2000/2/00.02.05.x.html
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Juvenile Delinquency: South Korea vs. United States (2012, January 12) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/juvenile-delinquency-south-korea-vs-united-states-149935/
"Juvenile Delinquency: South Korea vs. United States" 12 January 2012. Web. 18 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/juvenile-delinquency-south-korea-vs-united-states-149935/>