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The paper explains the common law systems in the U.S. and Britain that are also used in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and India, as well as civil law systems in Sweden, Germany, France and Japan and how they differ from common law. The paper then discusses the harsh Socialist system in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Islamic governmental system that is based on religious law. The paper looks at how an understanding of these four legal traditions can help students of law and other subjects immensely.
From the Paper:"The first legal system to be examined is the one which Americans are most familiar with--that of common law systems. These legal systems are the main structure of the U.S. and British courts (Reichel 2007). The common law system is also known as "Anglo-American justice," (O'Connor 2008). Most other English speaking nations prove to abide by this style of legal system, as rooted in their history of colonialism. Such nations include Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, and other former colonies within the African continent (O'Connor 2008). Within the structure of the common law system, the criminal and defendant is caught in the middle of a battle ground between prosecutors, defense lawyers, and the judges which reign over their courtroom behavior (O'Connor 2008). Lawyers interpret laws and precedents as set from earlier cases throughout the regions history, and thus allow a unique and well tailored defense and prosecution of criminals within such nations."
Sample of Sources Used:
- O'Connor, T. (2008). Comparative criminal justice. Megalinks in Criminal Justice. APSU. Retrieved 10 Jan 2009 at http://www.apsu.edu/oconnort/3040/3040lect01a.htm.
- Reichel, P.L. (2007). Criminal Justice Systems. 5th ed. Prentice Hall
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Justice Systems around the Globe (2010, December 01) Retrieved May 26, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/justice-systems-around-the-globe-145875/
"Justice Systems around the Globe" 01 December 2010. Web. 26 May. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/justice-systems-around-the-globe-145875/>