International Euthanasia Laws and Potential Reform in New Zealand Comparison Essay by Metro

International Euthanasia Laws and Potential Reform in New Zealand
A comparative analysis of international euthanasia laws to determine the need for reform in New Zealand.
# 153657 | 3,470 words | 22 sources | APA | 2013 | NZ
Published on Aug 21, 2013 in Law (International) , Hot Topics (Euthanasia)

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The paper offers an introduction to the general concept of euthanasia and its key forms and reviews the current legal position on euthanasia in New Zealand. The paper then provides a comparative analysis of international voluntary euthanasia laws in the Netherlands, Belgium and Japan and also compares the laws in the Netherlands regarding the involuntary euthanasia of disabled children to the draft Bill from the UK that was ultimately unsuccessful. The paper points out the considerable amount of controversy surrounding these laws but draws the conclusion that there are strong arguments in favor of reform and controversy should not be an obstacle to legislating for a stronger legal system regarding euthanasia in New Zealand.

International Euthanasia Laws

From the Paper:

"There is no agreed definition of what euthanasia is. McHale and Fox say it is "the term used to describe the deliberate ending of the life of a person suffering from a painful illness" while Johnson says it is more about ending "an intolerable existence" . It is perhaps the British House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics definition which is most appropriate though, as they describe euthanasia as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering." This definition is more appropriate, as it reminds us that euthanasia should be seen as an intervention to suffering which results in death, rather than the alternative definition of it simply being the ending of life due to suffering.
"Nevertheless, what we can take from these definitions is that the term euthanasia generally relates to the practice of causing the death of someone to relieve them of pain that they are in. The level of pain required and the method of how the death should be brought about however, is highly contested. This debate has thus led us to several important types of euthanasia."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • R v McKinnon [1980] 2 NZLR 31
  • Airedale NHS Trust v Bland [1993] A.C 789
  • R v Cheshire [1991] 3 All ER 670
  • R v Cocker [1989] Crim LR 740
  • R v Cox (1992) 12 BMLR 38

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

International Euthanasia Laws and Potential Reform in New Zealand (2013, August 21) Retrieved December 05, 2020, from

MLA Format

"International Euthanasia Laws and Potential Reform in New Zealand" 21 August 2013. Web. 05 December. 2020. <>