Good and Evil Comparison Essay by Research Group

Good and Evil
Examines the philosophies of Greek philosopher, Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes on the issues of good and evil in human nature.
# 25710 | 891 words | 2 sources | APA | 2002 | US
Published on May 02, 2003 in Philosophy (Ancient Greek) , Philosophy (History)

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Aristotle's "The Nicomachean Ethics" sets out several of his most important principles, including basic definitions of good and evil, as well as a definition of happiness, which is in fact closely allied to the concepts of virtue and good. This paper looks at these Aristotelian definitions as put forth in his treatise on ethics. The paper then compares these classical ideals of good and virtue with Thomas Hobbes's writings on these same concepts in his best-known work, "Leviathan".

From the Paper:

"Hobbes argues that the natural state of people is violent and inclined to devolve toward the bestial. Aristotle argues that that the natural state of humans inclines towards the good; much of the arguments that he puts forth in The Nicomachean Ethics contains at its core the Platonic assumption that evil is simply ignorance and can be educated away. Aristotle firmly believes that everyone has it within himself or herself (although probably just himself in Aristotle's case!) to become a better person through thought, observation, education, and experience (and of course the practice of philosophy). Not only does each person have this capacity, Aristotle argued, but has the moral obligation to try to improve."

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