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St. Thomas Aquinas was known for his flexible philosophical ideas that until today are applicable to the demands of time. This paper discusses how one of his famous philosophical works was proving God's existence in five ways. The paper looks at how his arguments were the argument from motion, the argument from efficient causality, the argument from the possible and the necessary, the argument from gradation of perfection and the argument from design. In comparison, the paper also examines how, in proving the existence of God, Avicenna also used the cosmological argument and how he proved God's existence by looking at the world.
From the Paper:"According to St. Thomas, beings in this world move. But motion is understood as a product of a mover. A being may move from potentiality to actuality not by itself but by something in a state of actuality. Anything in motion is put in motion by something else and not by itself. For St. Thomas, motion is simply the reduction of something from potentiality to actuality therefore nothing can be reduced except by something in actuality. A thing cannot be a mover and the moved at the same time. A thing that moves the other is also caused by a thing that is moved by another. This process cannot go on infinitely because there will be no first mover then. Movers cause other things to move inasmuch as they are moved by the first mover. With this idea, St. Thomas therefore concluded that there is an unmoved first mover. This unmoved first mover is then God."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Clarke, Norris A. Central Problems of Metaphysics. Ateneo de Manila University: Office of Research and Publications, 2001.
- Foutz, Scott D. "An Examination of Thomas Aquinas' Cosmological As Found in the Five Ways." Quodlidet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy. November 18, 2006 <http://www.quodlibet.net/aqu5ways.shtml>.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
God's Existence (2010, June 06) Retrieved December 14, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/god-existence-120157/
"God's Existence" 06 June 2010. Web. 14 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/god-existence-120157/>