Friedrich Nietzsche and Mahatma Gandhi
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The paper discusses how Nietzsche's theories are based on rationalistic thinking, since he was unsupportive of morality, claiming that there was little proof that people should actually behave morally. The paper contrasts Nietzsche's philosophy to that of Gandhi and explains that Gandhi preferred a spiritual approach instead of a material one and he considered the ultimate morality to be the only thing people should accept as true. The paper also points out that Gandhi was devoted to experimenting while Nietzsche devised his theories in regard to past experiences and mysticism. The paper notes, however, that both the Western and Eastern philosophers are visionaries and were absorbed by their need to confront the tendencies in their societies at the time.
From the Paper:"Individuals in the present society consider morality to be one of the principles on account of which they have to guide themselves. Nietzsche was unsupportive of morality, claiming that there was little proof that people should actually behave morally. In the German philosopher's opinion, there was no clear reason for which people should govern their lives on account of morality. He did not necessarily consider that people should not be moral, but that rationality did not have anything to do with morality. Nietzsche was recognized for his passionate nihilist convictions, thus his position in regard to morality being explainable. The Ten Commandments are essential in discovering what triggers people in behaving morally and Nietzsche did not want to support theories put across through religion.
"While Nietzsche was devoted to experimenting and to rationality, Gandhi preferred a spiritual approach instead of a material one. The Indian philosopher did not want proof in order to believe, since he considered the ultimate morality (or God-as he referred to it) to be the only thing people should accept as true with the purpose of attaining self-realization. For Gandhi teachings did not have to be experimented in order to be followed. The philosophies of Buddha were highly regarded by the Indian philosopher."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Gandhi, Mahatma All Men Are Brothers: Life and Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi as Told in His Own Words (Paris: UNESCO, 1958).
- Mencken, H. L. The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, 3rd ed. (Boston: Luce, 1913)
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Friedrich Nietzsche and Mahatma Gandhi (2013, April 28) Retrieved June 01, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/friedrich-nietzsche-and-mahatma-gandhi-152768/
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