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This paper discusses educational philosophies that identify school curricula and instructions to use. It looks at the philosophies of progressivism, behaviorism, essentialism, idealism, experimentalism, existentialism and perennialism. The paper discusses how these philosophies may vary in form from country to country and yet remain important.
From the Paper:"In western culture, self-discovery is far more important than anything else in a learning environment; this belief differs in most Asian countries. The reason for higher education is so that people can enjoy acquiring knowledge in a subject that is relevant to their own life and interests as everyone is different. Developing the curriculum around the individuals that are in the classroom fosters motivation that is intrinsic and ultimately stimulates a passion to learn. By inviting student discussion and even debate into the classroom, lessons and units take on a completely different direction; one that is unique to the students in the particular course at that particular time. Students who feel ownership and responsibility in the United States tend to generate more ideas, offer a greater amount of input, and set higher goals than their controlled Chinese counterparts."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Pratt, D. D. & Collins, J. B. (2001). Teaching perspectives inventory. Retrieved January 23, 2008, from http://www.teachingperspectives.com/html/tpi_frames.htm
- Shaw, L. J. (n.d). Humanistic and social aspects of teaching. Retrieved January 23, 2008, from http://edweb.sdsu.edu/LShaw/f95syll/philos/phintro.html
- Wiggins, G. & McTighe, J. (2004). The Understanding by design professional development workbook. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD). Retrieved January 23, 2008, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/2004mctighe/intro.html
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Educational Philosophies (2010, January 03) Retrieved August 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/educational-philosophies-118080/
"Educational Philosophies" 03 January 2010. Web. 05 August. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/educational-philosophies-118080/>