Cyrus the Great and King Faisal I
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This paper outlines the reigns of Cyrus the Great (circa 600-529 BCE) of Persia and King Faisal I of Saudi Arabia (1964-1975) and compares and contrasts them. The paper discusses how they are very similar in rule and development, especially with regard to unification and tolerance within the region. The paper notes that each was a champion of cohesion, foundational rules of law that were inclusive of religious tolerance, and each ruler developed a plan for cultural development, utilized military conquest to build the empire and attempted to improve the standards of living of many. The paper concludes that the differences between Cyrus and Faisal are largely a result of context.
From the Paper:"In very large part Cyrus is thought of as the first ruler of Persia as an empire, one that fostered diversity and collective identity simultaneously. Though his acceptance and opening of Jerusalem to the previously exiled Jews may significantly sway the court of public opinion, especially since a great deal that is known of him comes from the Old Testament, a text compiled and cared for by the Jews. This overall positive treatment of Cyrus stresses his religious tolerance in deed and rule as well as his wise attempts to unite, rather than allow the region to be ruled by many. It is also stressed in other works, that his tolerance was not always met without conflict, in that his works, namely his open invitation to the Jews to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem created regional ground resistance from other regional tribes, his intentions are admired by many, culturally, legally and even in warfare. He is largely known as a liberator, rather than a conqueror, despite his active participation in regional warfare and empire building. (Sorat, http://www.cyrusthegreat.com/) In retrospect, especially, his decrees, associated by him with the message of God are respected and venerated, despite the fact that his accepted personal beliefs are those of Zoroastrianism, a faith that is in many ways incongruent with Judaism and several other regional faiths and cultural alliances. (Sorat, http://www.cyrusthegreat.com/)"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Baroody, George M. "Chapter 7 The Practice of Law in Saudi Arabia" in Beling, Willard A. King Faisal and the modernisation of Saudi Arabia, Boulder CO: Westview Press, 1980.
- Briant, Pierre, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, Eisenbrauns, 2002.
- Meij, H. A Portrait of Cyrus II http://cointrade.awardspace.com/MasonicKnowledge/A%20Portrait%20of%20Cyrus2.html ND.
- Parssinen, Catherine "Chapter 9 The Changing Role of Women" in Beling, Willard A. King Faisal and the modernisation of Saudi Arabia, Boulder CO: Westview Press, 1980.
- Sindi, Abdullah M. "Chapter 11 King Faisal and Pan-Islamism" in Beling, Willard A. King Faisal and the modernisation of Saudi Arabia, Boulder CO: Westview Press, 1980.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Cyrus the Great and King Faisal I (2013, January 25) Retrieved June 15, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/cyrus-the-great-and-king-faisal-i-152315/
"Cyrus the Great and King Faisal I" 25 January 2013. Web. 15 June. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/cyrus-the-great-and-king-faisal-i-152315/>