Concrete Reality in Philosophy Comparison Essay by Research Group

Concrete Reality in Philosophy
Compares the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle on the issue of concrete reality.
# 25711 | 2,112 words | 1 source | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Apr 09, 2003 in Philosophy (Ancient Greek)


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Description:

Aristotle differed from his teacher, Plato, in his emphasis on the supremacy of observation and on concrete reality. The paper shows how Aristotle sought to learn all that was possible about the reality perceivable by the senses and the logic he developed was an effort directed at this end. The paper describes how he sought to develop a universal method of reasoning in order to learn everything possible about reality and in his work "Categories" he sets out a scheme to describe particular things by identifying them in terms of their properties, states, and activities. The paper compares Aristotle's philosophies to those of Plato's, which have come to be known as Platonic Ideas.

From the Paper:

"Aristotle was originally one of Plato's students, but he came to disagree with what he called the "other-worldliness" of his teacher. For Plato there were two worlds, the world perceived by the senses, and the world of the Forms, the ideals of which the objects in this world are only pale imitations. Aristotle disputed this, asking how, if the Forms are the essences of things, the Forms could exist separated from things, and how, if the Forms were the cause of things, they could exist in a different world? Aristotle made a distinction between form and matter, but he said that these two features of reality could be distinguished only in thought, not in fact. The forms are not separate entities but are embedded in particular things in this world. Every object has both form and matter. Form is universal in that many particulars may have the same form. Form is the thing's essence or nature and is related to its function. The object's matter is what is unique to that object, the object's "thisness," and it stands as the principle of individuation. For Aristotle, reality is composed of a plurality of substances."

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