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In this article, the writer notes that the goals of nursing revolve around four adaptive modes: the physiologic-physical, self-concept-group identity concept, role function and interdependence. The writer compares the nursing theories of Roy, Watson and King and points out that a nurse's goal is to promote adaptation for individuals and groups according to these modes and foster the patient's health, improve the patient' s quality of life and also facilitate the patient's dying with dignity if necessary. The writer discusses that all three theorists attempt to create a unique role for nurses, although Roy and King tend to define that role contextually more in line with the scientific methodology of the other health professions. The writer concludes that all the theorists perceive nursing as health-promoting in a way that does not simply treat the body as a machine, but addresses the patient's psychological needs and locates the patient in an environment that may or may not facilitate health.
From the Paper:"Nursing is a professional process for Roy, although it is also a complementary one in that it is developed hand-and-hand with a patient and in dialogue with a patient's subjectively determined, as well as objectively determined, needs.
"Instead of using the scientific language of adaptation, Jean Watson instead defines caring as the essence of nursing in her Theory of Caring in Nursing. Rather than a series of steps, along the lines Roy's theory, Watson defines her theory around a series of ten carative or caring factors. Watson is especially anxious to define nursing as distinct from the other health professions, rather than stressing its scientific methodology and integrating its approach to the other health profession's rigorous types of analysis like Roy. In her theory, Watson draws heavily from the behavioral and social sciences as well as the physical sciences."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Conway, Alyson, Sally Erickson, Patty Lynch, Kimberly Myers & Sarah Palmer. (2009).
- Jean Watson's theory of caring. PowerPoint. Retrieved February 12, 2009 at www.plu.edu/~lynchpd/doc/watson-ppt.ppt
- Cunningham, Denise. (2002, Spring). Application of Roy's Adaptation Model when caring for a group of women coping with menopause. Journal of Community Health Nursing. 19. 1: 49-60.
- King theory of nursing (2009). Novel Guide. Retrieved February 12, 2009 at http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/genh_0002_0003_0/genh_0002_0003_0_00487.html
- Lawrence, Joy T. (1986, December). Review of Curriculum and instruction in nursing: Concepts and process by Imogene M. King. The American Journal of Nursing. 86. 12: 1435.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Concept Comparison in Nursing (2010, November 25) Retrieved September 29, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/concept-comparison-in-nursing-145747/
"Concept Comparison in Nursing" 25 November 2010. Web. 29 September. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/concept-comparison-in-nursing-145747/>