Community-Oriented vs. Zero Tolerance Policing Comparison Essay by scribbler

Community-Oriented vs. Zero Tolerance Policing
Compares two of the most prominent policing strategies: community oriented policing or problem-oriented policing and zero tolerance policing.
# 152458 | 1,835 words | 8 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Feb 15, 2013 in Criminology (Public and Crime) , Public Administration (General)


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Description:

This paper explains that zero tolerance policing focuses on strict enforcement of laws for minor crime with the goal of discouraging the evolution to more serious crimes; whereas, community-oriented policing focuses on the integration of police into the community with the goal of proactively addressing local citizen problems. Next, the author relates that the selection of a policing approach is related to the characteristics of the community and should include ongoing quality assurance monitoring to gauge the effectiveness of the strategy for the particular community. Since both approaches have significant strengths and weaknesses, the paper concludes that the best policing strategy is a combination of the two.

Table of Contents:
Abstract
Introduction
Policing Policies Discussion
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"According to Dobrin, (2006), community-oriented policing is a service oriented approach that focuses on ways in which the police can address the specific needs of communities. This is similar to zero tolerance policing in that both attempt to target areas that are at risk for or already have some level of sub-criminal activity. Both intervention strategies aim to address these quality of life issues, while attempting to ensure that crimes and disorder do not continue to escalate.
"Community-oriented policing focuses on responses to local community issues rather than large scale organizational initiatives. The intervention strategies used in community-oriented policing focus on finding ways to enhance community order with the use of arrest as a last resort. According to Giankis (1998), intervention strategies should include consultation with community groups, mobilizing community agencies to assist in providing assistance to persons in need, and utilizing problem solving strategies to remove conditions that lead to crime. Giankis (1998) describes the role of the community policing officer as negotiating and designing proactive and preventative policing practices for specific at risk areas.
"In the community-oriented approach, police officers become integrated into the community and respond to numerous public concerns many that may have little to do with day to day police work."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adams, R. E., Rohe, W. M., & Arcury, T. A. (2005). Awareness of community-oriented policing and neighborhood perceptions in five small to midsize cities. Journal of Criminal Justice, 33, 43-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2004.10.1008
  • Cheurprakobkit, S. (2002). Community policing: Training, definitions, and policy implications. Policing, 25(3), 709-725. doi: 10.1108/13639510210450640
  • Dobrin, A. (2006). Professional and community oriented policing: The Mayberry model. Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture, 13(1), 19-28.
  • Gianakis, G. A. & Davis, J. D. III. (1998). Reinventing or repackaging of public services? The case of community-oriented policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485-498.
  • Grabosky, P. N. (1999). Zero Tolerance Policing. Zero Tolerance Policing, 1-4.Marshall, J. (1999). Zero tolerance policing. (Informational Bulletin #9). Retrieved from http://www.ocsar.sa.gov.au/docs/information_bulletins/IB9.pdf

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Community-Oriented vs. Zero Tolerance Policing (2013, February 15) Retrieved October 16, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/community-oriented-vs-zero-tolerance-policing-152458/

MLA Format

"Community-Oriented vs. Zero Tolerance Policing" 15 February 2013. Web. 16 October. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/community-oriented-vs-zero-tolerance-policing-152458/>

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