Cold War and U.S. Foreign Policy
A comparison of the global operating systems of the Cold War and globalization and the U.S. role in these operating systems.
# 59726 | 2,476 words | 5 sources | APA | 2005 |
Published on Jun 28, 2005 in International Relations (Cold War) , Political Science (U.S.) , History (U.S. Post-Modern 1965-Present) , History (U.S. Baby Boom Years 1945-1965) , History (Russian)
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This essay focuses on the Cold War era to provide a picture of what global society was like during that epoch and attempts to draw parallels between that status quo and the emergence of a new Cold War era in foreign policy represented by the War on Terror. The existence of clear-cut walls and borders is assayed in addition to the differing economic systems in existence during the Cold War. Concepts of realism and totalitarianism are discussed, alongside concepts of cultural hegemony and soft power and the idea of cultural transcendence through material considerations and methods of foreign policy dissemination. The defining systems of the Cold War era are addressed in terms of economic and ideological certitudes that have since been challenged with the onset of what many are calling a new epoch of globalization in foreign policy. They have also been counter-construed by the present administration's focus on the polar separation of "good" and "evil," internationally, and the importance of the American perspective.
From the Paper:"Much extant literature on the Cold War focuses on the ord "perceived," in terms of the perceived threat represented by the Soviet Union to interests of the United States along lines of ideology and control. This became a global issue in which the ideologies of communism and free-market capitalism were perceived to be in a locked battle, the stakes of which were heightened by the positions of the Soviet Union and the United States as oppositional superpowers possessing stockpiles of nuclear weapons. The Cold War as an ideological construction itself can be traced to the United States, which did most of the perceiving in terms of threats to its interests in Europe after the second World
War, but the Soviet Union also did its share of perceiving, as when Reagan's absolutist rhetoric and international acts of state-sponsored terror in the 1980s were seen by the Soviet Union to be acts that presaged a confrontation of the two ideologies. Although there were many clashes throughout the Cold War, such as the Cuban missile crisis,
which brought the nations to the brink of this confrontation, it never actually occurred, and with the breakup of the Soviet Union as a reaction of heightened nationalism spurred on by Gorbachev, the Cold War Ended."
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