Behaviorist vs. Cognitive View of Learning
A comparison between the behavioral and cognitive psychological movements' interpretations on the process of learning in all organisms.
# 119625 | 1,545 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2010 |
Published on May 12, 2010 in Education (Education Psychology) , Education (Theory) , Psychology (Behaviorism) , Psychology (Child and Adolescent) , Psychology (Piaget)
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This comparison piece presents a brief background on two primary schools of psychology, behavioral and cognitive psychology, and explains how each believes organisms learn new information. This overview is followed by a discussion of cognitive-behaviorism which integrates ideas from both the cognitive and behavioral schools of thought. The author argues that while both schools have their merits, when choosing the particular means for teaching it is important to recognize the end goal of the process.
From the Paper:"The behaviorist perspective of psychology, which subsequently governs the means of interpretation on such topics as the nature of knowledge, the nature of learning, and the nature of psychology is just as the name implies, related to the behavior of organisms. Behavior is observable, measurable, and quantifiable; it exists in reality and thus is more solid than other theoretical approaches to the world, including the cognitive approach.
"B.F. Skinner is considered by many to bee the "grandfather of behaviorism". He generated a great deal of the experimental data that is the basis of the behavioral learning theory. He and other behavioral theorists, including the to-be discussed Watson, were concerned mainly with observable indications of learning and what those visible observations could imply in regards to teaching, or the capacity to learn and subsequently reproduce presented data. (Roblyer, Edwards, and Havriluk, 1997, p.59) Their focus upon observation of visible actions is what would set them aside from the cognitive theorists."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Thompson, Richard F "" Psychological Review, Vol 101(2), Apr 1994. Special issue: The centennial issue of the Psychological Review, pp. 259-265
- Roblyer, Edwards, and Havriluk, M.D., Edwards, Jack, & Havriluk, Mary Anne (1997) Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, Merrill, Upper Saddle river, NJ.
- Watson, John B. "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It." Psychological Review, Vol 101(2), Apr 1994. Special issue: The centennial issue of the Psychological Review, pp. 248-253.
- Dombeck, Mark; Wells-Moran, Jolyn. "Learning Theory." MentalHelp.net. Retrieved on 23 February 2008, from:
- Wood, Jeffery J. "Family Involvement in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Children's Anxiety Disorders." Psychiatric Times. 23.8, pp. 1-2. Retrieved on 23 February 2008, from:
Cite this Comparison Essay:
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