Authoritarian Modernization in Iran and Turkey Comparison Essay by Nicky

Authoritarian Modernization in Iran and Turkey
Compares the authoritarian modernization process used by Reza Shah Pahlavi in Iran and Kemal Ataturk in Turkey.
# 147681 | 4,225 words | 20 sources | MLA | 2011 | US
Published on Jun 12, 2011 in History (Leaders) , History (Middle Eastern) , Political Science (Non-U.S.)

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This paper explains that reforms carried out in Iran and Turkey by Reza Shah Pahlavi and Kemal Ataturk correspondingly, during the early half of the twentieth century, are two classical political science cases of authoritarian modernization. Next, the author details the lives of these two leaders, their influences and what they achieved. The paper concludes that both self-made men were great military soldiers and dedicated nation builders who used an iron hand. Their mistakes easily can be overlooked, the author asserts, because of their county's tremendous social, cultural, political and educational progress and the emancipation of women during their regimes. This paper includes footnotes.

Table of Contents:
Historical Background
Reza Shah Pahlavi
Kemal Ataturk
Comparing the Two Leaders, Their Influence and What They Achieved
How These Two Personalities Affected Today's World

From the Paper:

"In fact, Reza Shah was perceived by many as "a not so successful follower of Ataturk". It is also felt that the secular reforms of Ataturk were far more sweeping than that of Reza Shah. Ataturk was able to abolish the caliphate altogether and establish a republic. Reza Shah's attempt to do a parallel in Iran however, met with varying degrees of success and he could never eliminate the influence of the clerics in the political life of the Iranians. The movement launched by Reza Shah could not create as radical an upheaval in Iran as the modernization movement initiated by Ataturk did in Turkey."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Atabaki, Touraj and Zurcher, Erik Jan. Men of order. (I.B.Tauris, 2004), 45.
  • Banani, Amin. The modernization of Iran, 1921-1941. (Stanford University Press, 1961), 27.
  • Boroujerdi, Mehrzad. Triumphs and Travails of Authoritarian Modernization in Iran. [Online]. Available from: 5 April, 2009.
  • Cronin, Stephanie. The Making of Modern Iran: State and Society under Riza Shah 1921-1941. (Routledge, 2003), 4.
  • Farsoun, Samih K. and Mashayekhi, Mehrdad. Iran: political culture in the Islamic republic. (Routledge, 1992), 112.

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Authoritarian Modernization in Iran and Turkey (2011, June 12) Retrieved April 03, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Authoritarian Modernization in Iran and Turkey" 12 June 2011. Web. 03 April. 2020. <>