ARISTOTLE, SOCRATES and JEAN-PAUL SARTRE Comparison Essay by Nicky

ARISTOTLE, SOCRATES and JEAN-PAUL SARTRE
Discusses the differences between teleology, and existentialism.
# 147685 | 1,638 words | 10 sources | MLA | 2011 | US


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Description:

This paper explores the differences between teleology, the traditional philosophic view that can be found in the works of Aristotle and Socrates, and the questioning of these worldviews expressed in the writings of existentialist philosophers. The author also discusses how these views have influenced the way he thinks and views reality. He concludes that the philosophies of Aristotle and Sartre are not completely contradictory and that he can identify with aspects of both.

Outline
Introduction
Aristotle and Socrates
Existentialism
Discussion and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Socrates also subscribes to the general metaphysical view of the desire for and belief in the ideal of a greater good. He saw this is as central factor determining our ethical behaviour. Socrates regarded eudaimonia as "the voice that advised him, like a conscience" (Eudaimonia). He was also concerned with the relationship between eudaimonia and knowledge. He saw virtue as an essential form of knowledge and as a precursor to the attainment of the greater good. For Socrates, the kind of knowledge that he associated with eudaimonia was good, and would lead to a higher and better from of existence.
"Socrates is also known today for his Socratic Method. This is also related to the effective functioning of the human being in his or her quest for ideal perfection. The Socratic Method is in effect a method of inquiry into the world around us that allows us to understand the truth of reality. It also assumes the transcendent and ethical nature of our function as human beings. In the Socratic Dialogues, a problem is solved by breaking it down into related questions in order to distill answers to the problem from these questions, until the final truth is revealed (Socrates)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aristotle on Eudaimonia. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Eudaimonia.htm
  • Everything: Eudaimonia. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from http://everything2.com/title/Eudaimonia
  • Eudaimonia. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_781536411/Eudaimonia.html
  • Eudaimonia: absoluteastronomy. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Eudaimonia
  • EXISTENTIALISM. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv2-22

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

ARISTOTLE, SOCRATES and JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (2011, June 13) Retrieved August 15, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/aristotle-socrates-and-jean-paul-sartre-147685/

MLA Format

"ARISTOTLE, SOCRATES and JEAN-PAUL SARTRE" 13 June 2011. Web. 15 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/aristotle-socrates-and-jean-paul-sartre-147685/>

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