Adlerian vs. Gestalt Theories Comparison Essay by Nicky

A comparison of Adlerian psychology with the Gestalt approach to human psychology.
# 145584 | 1,253 words | 5 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Nov 17, 2010 in Psychology (Freud) , Psychology (Theory)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


The writer explains how Adlerian psychology considers birth order to be an important determinant of individual psychological development, while the Gestalt approach focuses on the totality of the patient's observations of behavioral manifestations of internal psychological issues. The writer offers a comparison of these two approaches and then provides a discussion on these perspectives that includes a personal philosophy of therapy. The writer believes that both approaches can be used, depending on the patient's individual needs.

The Adlerian Perspective
The Gestalt Perspective
Personal Perspective

From the Paper:

"Adlerian psychology was originally formulated by Alfred Adler (1870-1937), a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and one of the original psychoanalytic theorists. Like classical Freudian psychology, the Adlerian perspective also emphasizes the foundational significance of early life experiences, particularly family-of-origin experiences. Adlerian psychology parallels the general Freudian proposition that early experiences set the tone of later psychological manifestations.
"However, Adlerian psychology departs from the classic Freudian approach that conceives of issues in personal psychological development as direct functions of specific psychological conflicts arising mainly from the repression and alternate expression of sexual urges and the reaction to specific frustrations common to all human beings. Instead, Adlerian psychology focuses on the impact of the unique experiences (i.e. not the universal experiences detailed by Freud), of the patient's family relationships (McWilliams, 2004)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adler, A. (1927) Understanding Human Nature. Center City: Hazelden
  • Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005). Psychology and Life. 17th Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
  • McWilliams, N. (2004). Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: A Practitioner's Guide. New York: Guilford.
  • Mitchell, S., Black, M. (1995). Freud And Beyond: A History Of Modern Psychoanalytic Thought. New York: Basic Books.
  • Spotnitz, H. (1995). Psychotherapy of Preoedipal Conditions: Schizophrenia and Severe Character Disorders. New York: Aronson.

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Adlerian vs. Gestalt Theories (2010, November 17) Retrieved July 13, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Adlerian vs. Gestalt Theories" 17 November 2010. Web. 13 July. 2020. <>