The Punic Wars Cause and Effect Essay by Nicky

The Punic Wars
The paper examines the three Punic Wars that were fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 to 146 BC.
# 146980 | 2,127 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2010 | US
Published on Jan 31, 2011 in History (Greek and Roman)

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This paper discusses the Punic Wars, which were three wars between Rome and Carthage from the period 264 BC to 146 BC. The writer explains that Carthage and Rome probably represented two of the world's first real superpowers, and the Punic Wars were the result of these two entities struggling for territory and power. The author of the paper examines the three wars, how they affected the balance of power in the region and the historical repercussions resulting from them, specifically, the beginning of the Roman Empire.

From the Paper:

"The First Punic War lasted from 264BCE to 241BC. The First Punic War began as a local power struggle. Hiero II of Syracuse and the Mamertines of Messina got involved in a power struggle in Sicily. The Mamertines sought aid from Carthage, which responded by sending its Navy to support the Mamertines. However, the Mamertines were quickly dissatisfied with the aid that they received from Carthage, and went to the Roman Senate for help against Carthage. The Roman Senate responded by sending troops to help secure Messina. However, this posed a problem for the Romans, who did not have a standing army of sufficient size to help the Mamertines. It was decided that C. Claudius would move by sea and try to reinforce Messina. The venture was risky, because "even if C. Claudius' force could elude the Carthaginian ships, it might not be strong enough to evict the garrison holed up in the formidable citadel and then hang on until reinforced." (Bagnall, p.49). The venture worked, and the Romans were able to secure the town of Messina. The Carthaginians responded by helping Syracuse. What had begun as a local power struggle quickly erupted into an all-out war, with both Carthage and Rome struggling to control Sicily."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bagnall, Nigel. The Punic Wars. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.
  • Cornell, T.J. The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars. New York: Routledge, 2003.
  • Hooker, Richard. "Rome: The Punic Wars." The Conquest of the Hellenistic Empires. 1999. Washington State University. 8 Feb. 2009 <>.
  • Hoyos, B.D. Unplanned Wars: The Origins of the First and Second Punic Wars. Berlin: Walter
  • Knox, E.L. Skip. The Punic Wars: The Third Punic War." History of Western Civilization. 2009. Boise State University. 8 Feb. 2009 <>.

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