The Effects of 9/11 as a Crisis on Policy-Making Cause and Effect Essay by Quality Writers

The Effects of 9/11 as a Crisis on Policy-Making
An analysis of the long and short-term effects of 9/11 on policy-making in the United States.
# 100029 | 1,585 words | 11 sources | MLA | 2007 | US

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This paper looks at the effects of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 upon policy-making in the short and long-term in the United States. It focuses on the roles of the media, public opinion, the Congress and the White House. The paper suggests that 9/11 has profoundly changed the relationship between the President and Congress and has, at the same time, presented unique challenges for policy-makers who must deal with a hostile press and public opinion.

From the Paper:

"The first of the groups to be discussed is the media. While it is commonplace to argue that the media does not really have any "great" impact upon policy-making decisions - chiefly because it tends to lurch quickly from one crisis to another in response to what it perceives to the public's short attention span (Kingdon, 62; Downs, 38-50) - the reality might be somewhat different. For one thing, as Bernard C. Cohen wrote long ago, the media has historically been the chief means by which people who might otherwise have little contact with one another communicate with one another - simply because the public coverage devoted to a topic brings that topic to the attention of otherwise disparate groups (Cohen, 39-45; see also Kingdon, 63)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cohen, Bernard C. The Press and Foreign Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963.
  • Downs, Anthony. "Up and Down with Ecology - The Issue-Attention Cycle." The Public Interest, 28 (1972): 38-50
  • Hulse, Carl. "Congress Looks at Bush's Spending Plan as Merely a Starting-Point for Debate." New York Times 8 Feb. 2005: A22.
  • Kingdon, John W. Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies. USA: HarperCollins Publishers, 1984.
  • Leo, John. "Double-Standard Trouble." U.S. News & World Report, 136.19 (31 May, 2005): 14.

Cite this Cause and Effect Essay:

APA Format

The Effects of 9/11 as a Crisis on Policy-Making (2007, December 11) Retrieved February 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Effects of 9/11 as a Crisis on Policy-Making" 11 December 2007. Web. 02 February. 2023. <>