Stalinism and the Effects of his Five-Year Plan
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The paper discusses how Stalin, in order to realize his dream of an industrially strong Soviet empire, initiated his Five-Year Plans through the processes of industrialization and collectivization. The paper goes on to describe how Stalin's Five-Year Plans were autocratic and dictatorial and many intellectuals, political dissenters, religious personalities, and those deemed enemies of the state found themselves relegated to collective farms or sent to Siberia to do harsh labor. The paper points out that in Stalin's point of view, the Five-Year Plans were successful because they fast-forwarded the Soviet Union into an industrial empire; the paper notes, however, that they destroyed the social fabric of the nation with millions killed and displaced and they created a poor standard of living for Soviet citizens. The paper concludes that the beneficiaries of Stalin's vision were not the people of the Soviet Union but those in power in the Soviet government.
From the Paper:"Changes in leadership always mean major or minor overhaul in the system whether it is in governments, societies, or nations. The rise of the Soviet Union following the downfall of the reign of the tsar and the Russian civil war brought Russia and its satellite states into the dawn of socialist communist rule. Vladimir Lenin ruled with an iron hand and the country simply transferred from one autocratic rule to another. The social, political, cultural and economic landscapes of the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) totally changed. The first years of the Bolshevik rule concentrated on consolidating power and acquiring lands and territories deemed to be historically part of Russia. To ensure that the power of the state was implemented to the extreme, the Cheka or secret police was formed by Lenin to serve as the ultimate manifestation of the state with all its might.
"On the economic milieu, the Russian civil war that followed after the Bolshevik Revolution saw the nation's economy in ruins. To remedy the dire situation of the USSR, Lenin instituted "the New Economic Policy (Novaya ekonomicheskaya politika) or NEP [that] permitted certain types of private economic activity, so that the country might recover from the ravages of the Civil War (Curtis, 1996)." Basically, some old capitalist forms of trading were reintroduced. Private ownership of smaller industries was permitted, but communism in the form of government control over industries such as banking and power supplies was still present. (Oracle ThinkQuest Education Foundation, 2001)"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Curtis, Glenn E., ed. Russian History, July 1996, http://www.russiansabroad.com/russian_history_1.html (accessed August 3, 2010).
- Library of Congress. Soviet Archives Exhibit, September 11, 1995, http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/soviet.exhibit/ (accessed August 3, 2010).
- Oracle ThinkQuest Education Foundation. The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia, 2001, http://library.thinkquest.org/C0112205/ (accessed August 3, 2010).
Cite this Cause and Effect Essay:
Stalinism and the Effects of his Five-Year Plan (2013, April 21) Retrieved December 10, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/cause-and-effect-essay/stalinism-and-the-effects-of-his-five-year-plan-152711/
"Stalinism and the Effects of his Five-Year Plan" 21 April 2013. Web. 10 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/cause-and-effect-essay/stalinism-and-the-effects-of-his-five-year-plan-152711/>