Causes of Ethnic Violence and Conflict Cause and Effect Essay

Causes of Ethnic Violence and Conflict
An examination of the roots of ethnic violence in Rwanda, the former Yugoslavia and India.
# 146721 | 2,681 words | 9 sources | MLA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 14, 2011 in Ethnic Studies (General) , International Relations (War and Conflict)

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The paper evaluates the ethnic conflicts and bloodshed in Rwanda, the former Yugoslavia and India, and argues that ethnicity and primordial hatred is not the main factor in these conflicts. The paper goes on to demonstrate that it is the post-colonial context where ethnic actors manipulate identity, strategically recreate history and dominate the media, that is the prime cause of ethnic violence. The paper asserts that we must analyze the factors shaping ethnic conflict in order to prevent future instances of bloodshed.

From the Paper:

"In the span of merely one hundred days, more than half a million Tutsis and moderate Hutus perished in 1994. The sharply divided region of the former Yugoslavia experienced, between 1991 and 1995, a series of wars that was one of the worst since World War II. And in India, insurgency in Punjab and Kashmir has led to terrorist attacks, including ones on Mumbai trains and Friendship Express in 2007. What these three seemingly disparate tragedies have in common is conflict rooted in ethnic violence. Ethnic conflict continues to be prevalent in all parts of the world and invariably leads to many of society's large-scale violence such as genocide. Therefore, ethnic conflict is a relevant arena of political studies and can be explained by competing theoretical perspectives, including by constructivism, rationalism, institutionalism, statism, and primordialism."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bates, Robert. "Ethnic Competition and Modernization in Contemporary Africa." ComparativePolitical Studies (January 1974): 457-484.
  • Gagnon, V.P.. "Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia."International Security (Winter 1994/95): 130-166.
  • Huntington, Samuel. "The Clash of Civilizations?" Foreign Policy, No. 2 (1992-1993): 22-49.
  • Lijphart, Arend. "The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation." American Political Science Review (June 1996).
  • Mamdani, Mahmood. "A Brief History of Genocide." Transition (2001): 26-47.

Cite this Cause and Effect Essay:

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Causes of Ethnic Violence and Conflict (2011, January 14) Retrieved June 09, 2023, from

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"Causes of Ethnic Violence and Conflict" 14 January 2011. Web. 09 June. 2023. <>