Down Syndrome: A Case Study Case Study by Mgmleo

Down Syndrome: A Case Study
An exploration of the condition called Down Syndrome through an actual case study of a nine-year-old child with the disease.
# 55480 | 2,590 words | 12 sources | MLA | 2004 | US
Published on Jan 29, 2005 in Medical and Health (General) , Child, Youth Issues (General)

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The following paper explores the medical condition known as Down Syndrome, a congenital state characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation and multiple defects, especially in the realms of physical manifestations. It explores Down Syndrome through an actual case of the disease, nine-year-old Brittany, who was born with the most common features and defects associated with the disorder.

From the Paper:

"In order to fully understand the medical definition of Down Syndrome, a clear knowledge on the genetic basis of the disorder is required. During the fertilization stage, sperm and eggs cells are created through different processes called meiosis in which each pair of chromosomes splits or disjoins from each other which causes each daughter cell to receive only one chromosome from the original pair. Before they are fully developed, reproductive cells start out with 46 chromosomes, but as they mature, meiosis reduces their chromosome count to twenty-three. Thus, at conception, the sperm and egg each contain 23 chromosomes, being half the usual number; however, errors in chromosomal division during meiosis are very common."

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