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In "Candide," Voltaire makes a powerful satire against the naivete of the philosophies of the eighteenth century that stated in all assurance that the world we live in is "the best of all the possible worlds". The paper discusses the story of the very naive young character and the people he meets full of unbelievable adventures who cover an almost complete range of situations and facts pertaining to human life. The paper discusses how Voltaire offers his arguments to show that the world is far from perfect; man has not yet learned how to master the world he lives in as there are natural calamities that can destroy him. The book is replete with events and satirical hints at the imperfections of human nature and at the disharmony of the universe. The paper illustrates Voltaire's belief that the world and its actors should be viewed realistically, as complex and chaotic as they really are.
From the Paper:"The doctrine that reason should not be hindered by any other facts or methods of enquiry brought about the conflict of the philosophers of the age with the church, as these thinkers proposed that man should have his free will and the liberty to judge, in order to fully exercise the reasoning power. These changes had been determined in their most part by the new scientific and technological discoveries of the eighteenth century, which rapidly dissipated the fears and superstitions of the previous centuries. New truths were being discovered, like those contributed by Newton- the law of gravitation, the spectrum of colors and so on. The irresistible logic of these discoveries brought the belief in the unfailing human reason, that can completely throw light upon the so far unsolved mysteries of the universe."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Black, Jeremy (CB). Eighteenth-Century Europe (2nd ed.).New York, NY USA: Palgrave Publishers, 1999
- Macauly, Thomas Critical and Historical Essays, New York USA: Elecbook, 2001
- Pocock, J. G. New York USA: Cambridge University Press, 1999
- Voltaire Candide ,The Online Library of Liberty http://oll.libertyfund.org/Texts/Voltaire0265/Works/vol01-HTMLs/0060-01_Pt02a_Candide.html#hd_lf060.1.head.037
Cite this Book Review:
Voltaire's "Candide" (2007, February 24) Retrieved February 06, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/book-review/voltaire-candide-92557/
"Voltaire's "Candide"" 24 February 2007. Web. 06 February. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/book-review/voltaire-candide-92557/>