Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt During WWII
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The paper reviews the book, "No Ordinary Time - Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II", by Doris Kearns Goodwin and its discussion on President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's challenges during the Depression and WWII. The paper looks at the book's treatment on the integration of black Americans into factories and the military, the hysteria over the risk that Japanese-Americans would aid Japan, the strikes for higher wages as the labor market grew tight, the issue of Churchill, who did not want to launch a cross-Channel invasion and a problematic marriage. According to this paper, this book was very interesting since it addressed the personal lives of the President and First Lady.
From the Paper:"Black Americans had suffered considerably during the Depression. Even though their rate of unemployment was below that of whites in 1930, government intervention in the labor market worked to their disadvantage. The law made it so that companies were prevented from cutting wages, which made workers on average earn more than the market wage. Because of this companies only to keep their most educated and most skilled workers, and these tended to be white. Employers were required to recognize unions, which were often run by and for white workers. However, the boom in jobs that had been created by World War II meant that blacks were needed in factories. This caused a lot of friction as white-run unions would strike rather than work shoulder-to-shoulder with blacks. Roosevelt was very proud of the fact that he was a friend to Labor, but at the same time he was also commander-in-chief of the U.S. military. Oftentimes parents of soldiers became infuriated any time that a union struck because the result was a lack of ammunition and arms that might get one of their boys killed. Because of this FDR used the U.S. Army on multiple occasions to seize factories and force unions to go back to work. The Philadelphia transit union that is currently on strike walked off the job in August 1944 in order to protest the upgrading of eight Negro employees to motormen and distributed handbills. FDR sent 5,000 soldiers into Philadelphia and threatened the striking workers with the military draft. Faced with the idea of fighting overseas, the employees returned to work (Greenspun, 2009)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Greenspun, Phillip. (2009). Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt during World War II. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from Web site: http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/philg/2009/11/05/franklin-and- eleanor-roosevelt-during-world-war-ii/
- Goodwin, Doris Kearns. (1994). No ordinary time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: the home front in World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster.
- Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. (1994). BOOKS OF THE TIMES; A Monumental Presidency and the Telling Details. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from New York Times Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/1994/09/19/books/books-of-the-times-a-monumental- presidency-and-the-telling-details.html
- Leonard, Carolyn B. (2010). NO ORDINARY TIME: Franklin And Eleanor Roosevelt, The Home Front In World War II. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from Book Reporter Web site: http://www.bookreporter.com/reviews/0671534513.asp
- Roberts, Chalmers M. (1994). "No Ordinary Time" Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Homefront in World War II. - book reviews. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from bNet Web site: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1316/is_n9_v26/ai_15856844/pg_2/?tag=content;c ol1
Cite this Book Review:
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt During WWII (2013, March 17) Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/book-review/franklin-and-eleanor-roosevelt-during-wwii-152559/
"Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt During WWII" 17 March 2013. Web. 25 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/book-review/franklin-and-eleanor-roosevelt-during-wwii-152559/>