The Theory-of-Mind Article Review by scribbler

The Theory-of-Mind
A review of the article "Meta-Analysis of Theory-of-Mind Development: The Truth about False Belief" by Henry M. Wellman, David Cross and Julanne Watson.
# 152449 | 1,165 words | 1 source | APA | 2013 | US

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This paper examines the study "Meta-Analysis of Theory-of-Mind Development: The Truth about False Belief" by Wellman, Cross & Watson, that shows how children develop their mental processes and how early they develop. The paper discusses the study's findings and explains the four factors that helped children perform better in the false belief task; these were motive, participation, salience, and real presence. The paper addresses the developmental changes of age, temporal marking and country of origin, and how they were found to play a significant role in the false-belief task. The paper also notes that the country results show that there were cross-cultural differences in the findings and that the researchers' conclusions were consistent with their findings.

From the Paper:

"In this case, a meta-analysis is a psychological analysis performed on a series of tools that apply to a specific or general type of analysis. In short, it uses particular analysis tools and applies them to a problem. In this case, they use conditions within studies, rather than individuals, to make up the units they analyze. The purpose of this specific meta-analysis was to uncover "correct false-belief judgments versus errors" (Wellman, Cross & Watson, 2001, p. 658). The authors note that this type of meta-analysis is "straightforward," especially compared to more complicated types of meta-analysis, and that they were able to rule out deviations and abnormalities because they estimated errors and counteracted against them. The sties they used included a wide variety of samples, and no study extended past 1998. Unfortunately, they discovered they did omit some relevant studies before 1998, because there is just so much material available for their meta-analysis. They focused on children developing normally, and omitted articles that looked at children with disabilities or other deciding factors. They used a total of 38 articles for their meta-analysis.
"As they completed their study, they found that four factors helped children perform better in the false belief task. These factors were motive, participation, salience, and real presence. First, the motive for the task was presented with a motive or without a motive. They found "a deceptive motive enhances children's performance, and does so for children of all ages" (Wellman, Cross & Watson, 2001, p. 666)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Wellman, H.M., Cross, D. and Watson, J. (2001). Meta-analysis of theory-of-mind development: The truth about false belief. Child Development. Vol. 72, Num. 3, 655 - 684.

Cite this Article Review:

APA Format

The Theory-of-Mind (2013, February 14) Retrieved December 10, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Theory-of-Mind" 14 February 2013. Web. 10 December. 2023. <>