Reviews of Counseling Articles Article Review by Nicky

Reviews of Counseling Articles
Reviews of three articles about different aspects of counseling.
# 151533 | 1,304 words | 3 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 24, 2012 in Psychology (Clinical)

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This paper reviews three scholarly articles and studies related to counseling, particularly focusing on the topic of a counselor's decoding skills when interacting with a client. The first articled the paper examined was Lee, et al.'s 1980 article which shows the relationship between a counselor's decoding skills in nonverbal communication and perceived interviewer effectiveness. Next, the paper discussed Heppner and Heesacker's 1982 study which explored the interpersonal influence process within an actual counseling context. Finally, the paper describes Maurer and Tindall's 1983 work which investigated the effects of counselor postural congruence on a client's perception of the counselor's level of empathy. The reviewer concludes by stating that it is important to develop sophisticated nonverbal skills which will also impact the verbal communication process and the quality of the whole therapy process.

From the Paper:

"Lee, et al.'s (1980) shows the relationship between a counselors's decoding skills in nonverbal communication and perceived interviewer effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a beginning counselor's nonverbal decoding skills, characteristic nonverbal behaviors during the interview, and the client's perception of the counselor's behavior. In this study, beginning counselors who lacked previous counseling experience were assessed for their deciding ability in nonverbal communication. They conducted a short helping interview with a client which was videotaped, then the client and the two trained independent observers rated the interviewer's characteristic behaviors. The specific hypothesis was (a) Do counselors with poor decoding skills exhibit more nonverbal expressions during the interview than those who are good in deciding skills? And (b) Are the good and poor decoders of nonverbal communications perceived differently by the client? The thirty-four counselor volunteers were randomly assigned to two interviewers, being one good decoder and one poor decoder. The results indicated that there were no significant differences between the two groups, for good and poor decoders did not engage in differential rates of either nonverbal or verbal behavior. Also, poor decoders were not better encoders as judged by both the client and external ..."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Heppner, P.P., and Heesacker, M. (1982). Interpersonal influence process in real-life counseling: Investigating client perceptions, counselor experience level, and counselor power over time. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 29, 215-223.
  • Lee, D. Y., Hallberg, E. T., Kocsis, M., and Haase, R. F. (1980). Decoding skills in nonverbal communication and perceived interviewer effectiveness. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 27, 89-92.
  • Maurer, R.E., and Tindall, J.H. (1983). Effect of postural congruence on client's perception of counselor's empathy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 30, 158- 163.

Cite this Article Review:

APA Format

Reviews of Counseling Articles (2012, June 24) Retrieved May 23, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Reviews of Counseling Articles" 24 June 2012. Web. 23 May. 2022. <>