Intelligence Testing Analysis - Theories Article Review by Spirittalk

An exploratory review of two articles that focus on different intelligence theories.
# 145809 | 1,335 words | 12 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Nov 28, 2010 in Psychology (Testing)

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This paper analyzes and review two psychological articles, each of which focuses on a specific theory of intelligence. The paper describes Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences and the Cattell-Horn Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence (Gf-Gc Theory). The paper explains that Gardner proposes the existences of intelligences that include spatial, logical-mathematical, linguistic, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalistic, musical, and existential, while the Cattell-Horn Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence has led to a better understanding of the importance of wisdom that improves with age. The paper notes that although there are many critics that illuminate the inherent problems with these and other intelligence theories, progress in the domain of intelligence and intelligence testing will continue. The paper concludes that poverty, poor health, environmental, and genetic issues are viewed as contributory factors of low intelligence and low testing scores, and how psychological science deals with these issues will be a key factor in the effectiveness of intelligence testing.

Gardner's Theory of Intelligences
Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence (Gf-Gc Theory)
Evaluate the Effectiveness of Intelligence Testing

From the Paper:

"The Stanford-Benet Intelligence Test followed the Benet-Simon Scale. The original theory and test developed by Benet was standardized by way of the use of American participants. In 1916 the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale rapidly became the prevailing intelligence test employed in the United States; however, the development of new theories concerning intelligence was soon introduced. According to article number one, the theory of multiple intelligences (Intelligence Testing, 2005), Gardner originally proposed that there were "seven components of intelligence" (University of Oregon, 2010, para. 13). Gardner went on to assert that the seven intelligences were quite distinct, and that each individual was equipped with varying levels of each intelligence (Intelligence Testing, 2005); however, Gardner did not claim that this list was complete and has since added two additional components to his list. Gardner composed a list of nine accepted components of intelligences that include spatial, logical-mathematical, linguistic, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalistic, musical, and existential (Visser, Ashton, & Vernon, 2006.). Gardner's work has been studied by many teachers who use the problem-based learning (PBL) technique. An example of the use of PBL is the team learning concept. Teams are selected by the team's collective talents that encompass as many of the areas of intelligences that Gardner proposed as possible. The use of PBL is employed in one of two ways. The team is encouraged to do specific tasks in line with their highest levels of intelligences or they may be asked to work on tasks outside their realm of intelligences. The latter method is used to encourage the development of the individual team member's knowledge of those areas of intelligence that are his or her weakest (Oregon Technology in Education Council, 2010). This style of teaching and learning can aid in the development of talents of each student in both his or her weakest areas of intelligence and his or her strongest levels of intelligence."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Benson, E. (2003, February). Intelligent intelligence testing. Monitor on Psychology, 34(2), 48.
  • Esters, I., & Ittenbach, R. (1999). Contemporary theories and assessments of intelligence: A primer. Professional School Counseling, 2(5), 373-376. Retrieved from PsycINFO database.
  • HarperCollins Publishers. (1995). craniometry. Retrieved from
  • Indiana University. (2007). John L. Horn. Retrieved from
  • Indiana University. (2007). New and Emerging Theories of Intelligence. Retrieved from

Cite this Article Review:

APA Format

Intelligence Testing Analysis - Theories (2010, November 28) Retrieved December 01, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Intelligence Testing Analysis - Theories" 28 November 2010. Web. 01 December. 2022. <>